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Table 1 Sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the latent classes of intersectional social status

From: Barrier or stressor? The role of discrimination experiences in health service use

  Indicators of intersectional social status
Class 1 (n = 100) Class 2 ( n = 107) Class 3 (n=106) Class 4 (n=153) Class 5 (n=100) Class 6 (n=181) Class 7 (n=305)
n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%)
Ethnicity
 White British 0 103(97.2) 42(39.8) 74(46.5) 52(52.0) 0 265(86.0)
 Black Caribbean 21(20.8) 0 8(7.9) 37(25.4) 8(8.5) 0 11(3.6)
 Black African 30(29.8) 0 27(26.0) 9(5.5) 6(6.4) 62(33.8) 1(0.5)
 White Other 24(24.3) 0 8(6.6) 11(7.7) 19(18.3) 71(38.0) 14(4.6)
 Non-White Other 17(16.6) 0 12(10.9) 11(6.7) 13(12.7) 39(22.5) 6(2.3)
 Mixed 8(8.5) 3(2.8) 9(8.8) 11(8.2) 2(2.1) 9(5.7) 8(3.0)
Migrant status
 Born in the UK 25(28.0) 107(100) 79(76.8) 110(74.9) 52(54.7) 10(6.8) 285(95.1)
 Migrant (0-10) 11(12.1) 0 17(14.4) 6(4.3) 9(10.1) 81(47.3) 2(0.6)
 Migrant (11-20) 27(28.5) 0 8(8.2) 16(11.1) 4(4.4) 52(28.6) 3(1.0)
 Migrant (21+) 37(31.5) 0 1(0.7) 17(9.7) 31(30.8) 37(17.2) 10(3.3)
Educational attainment
 No qualifications/GCSE 47(45.0) 88(80.7) 13(12.1) 75(47.9) 19(17.6) 12(6.8) 6(1.8)
 A Level 35(36.9) 17(17.4) 55(52.3) 65(43.4) 13(12.7) 45(24.4) 32(11.1)
 Degree or above 18(18.1) 2(1.9) 38(35.6) 13(8.7) 68(69.7) 124(68.8) 267(87.1)
Social occupational class
 Class I 0 0 0 1(0.7) 0 23(13.3) 59(19.4)
 Class II 0 0 0 23(14.6) 0 86(47.2) 197(64.4)
 Class IIINM 0 0 0 44(27.8) 0 29(16.9) 30(10.2)
 Class IIIM 0 0 0 27(18.7) 0 9(5.1) 16(4.9)
 Class IV 0 0 0 46(30.3) 0 26(14.0) 3(1.0)
 Class V 0 0 0 12(8.0) 0 7(3.5) 0
 No SOC assigned 100(100) 107(100) 106(100) 0 100(100) 0 0
Employment status
 Full/part-time employed 0 0 0 153(100) 0 180(100) 305(100)
 Student 6(8.0) 0 78(76.0) 0 0 0 0
 Unemployed 25(29.1) 27(28.8) 28(24.0) 0 16(16.6) 0 0
 Temporary sick/disabled 19(19.0) 18(19.2) 0 0 4(5.0) 0 0
 Retired 30(24.2) 56(45.8) 0 0 53(50.2) 0 0
 Looking after children 20(19.7) 6(6.2) 0 0 27(28.2) 0 0
Household income
 £0 - £12,096 59(68.6) 53(56.8) 14(17.0) 25(16.6) 11(11.7) 11(6.3) 3(0.8)
 £12,097-£31,494 22(23.2) 41(43.2) 14(17.5) 71(51.1) 25(29.1) 38(21.5) 29(9.6)
 £31495+ 7(8.2) 0 49(65.5) 43(32.3) 49(59.2) 122(72.2) 261(89.6)
Any debt        
 No 61(57.5) 86(76.7) 88(83.4) 104(69.1) 99(99.0) 164(90.3) 289(94.3)
 Yes 39(42.5) 21(23.3) 18(16.6) 49(30.9) 1(1.0) 17(9.7) 16(5.7)
Any benefits
 No 20(16.4) 39(31.6) 87(83.8) 108(72.1) 87(86.5) 162(89.6) 294(96.6)
 Yes 80(83.6) 68(68.4) 19(16.2) 45(27.9) 13(13.5) 19(10.4) 11(3.4)
Tenure
 Own outright/ mortgage 0 3(2.9) 31(30.7) 27(16.3) 88(89.4) 57(29.3) 199(66.4)
 Private rented 18(19.9) 10(8.8) 32(29.9) 16(11.6) 5(6.2) 73(45.3) 68(26.9)
 Social housing 79(80.1) 93(87.6) 17(15.2) 101(66.7) 4(4.4) 39(21.3) 15(4.6)
 Other 0 1(0.8) 24(24.2) 7(5.4) 0 7(4.1) 6(2.1)
Moved in past 2 years
 Not moved or moved once 89(89.6) 106(98.8) 88(85.2) 145(94.6) 97(100) 157(85.7) 262(90.4)
 Moved twice or more 9(10.4) 1(1.2) 16(14.8) 7(5.4) 0 20(14.3) 26(9.6)
Gender
 Male 32(35.5) 44(45.8) 48(52.3) 60(45.5) 32(35.2) 77(48.6) 144(53.6)
 Female 68(64.5) 63(54.2) 58(47.7) 93(54.5) 68(64.8) 104(51.4) 161(46.4)
Age
 16-34 28(34.1) 13(16.6) 93(91.1) 52(44.0) 15(18.3) 67(44.3) 105(41.5)
 35-54 35(35.5) 23(23.8) 13(8.9) 70(40.9) 22(22.2) 88(44.7) 155(47.5)
 55+ 37(30.4) 71(60.0) 0 31(15.1) 63(59.5) 26(11.0) 45(11.0)
  1. Latent classes; (1) ‘Migrant, mixed ethnicity, low SES’ (n=100), (2) ‘White British, low SES’ (n=107), (3) ‘Non migrant, mixed ethnicity, student’ (n=106), (4) ‘Non migrant, mixed ethnicity, skilled’ (n=153), (5) ‘Mixed migration status, mixed ethnicity, economically inactive’ (n=100), (6) ‘Migrant, mixed ethnicity, high SES’ (n=181) and (7) ‘White British, high SES’ (n=305)