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Table 2 Associated Factor of diarrhoea via multiple logistic regression

From: Prevalence of and factors associated with diarrhoeal diseases among children under five in Malaysia: a cross-sectional study 2016

Variables Crude Adjusted odds ratio, aOR
n Odds ratio, OR 95% CI P Value aOR 95% CI P Value
Strata
 Urban 8987 1.249 1.08,1.44 0.002    NS
 Rural 6177 1      
Ethnicity
 Malay 10,665 1    1   
 Chinese 1737 1.05 0.82,1.34 0.696 1.03 0.80,1.33 > 0.05
 Indian 641 1.86 1.38,2.53 < 0.001 1.70 1.22,2.36 0.002
 Others Bumiputera 1788 2.64 2.21,3.14 < 0.001 2.40 1.97,2.93 < 0.001
 Others 293 1.53 0.95,2.46 0.08 1.57 0.95,2.60 0.08
Father's Education level
 No Formal Education/Primary 1990 1.61 1.28,2.02 < 0.001    NS
 Secondary 7799 1.30 1.09,1.55 0.003    
 Tertiary 4589 1      
Mother’s Occupation
 Public Sector 3751 1      
 Private Sector 3233 0.99 0.80,1.24 0.985    
 Self Employed 1103 0.78 0.55,1.10 0.145    
 Unemployed/Housewife/Student 6928 1.20 1.00,1.43 0.049    
Fathers Occupation
 Public Sector 3567 1      
 Private Sector 6762 1.13 0.94,1.37 0.199    
 Self Employed 3948 1.15 0.93,1.42 0.190    
 Unemployed/Student 136 1.44 0.72,2.89 0.301    
Mothers Education
 No formal education/Primary 1883 1.84 1.48,2.28 < 0.001    NS
 Secondary 7708 1.29 1.09,1.51 0.003    
 Higher 5461 1      
Total Household Income
 Poorest 3081 1.33 1.06,1.66 0.016    NS
 Second 2993 1.11 0.88,1.41 0.381    
 Middle 3090 1.24 0.98,1.56 0.07    
 Fourth 3029 1.01 0.79,1.28 0.946    
 Richest 2881 1      
Water Supply
 Treated 14,890 1    1   
 Untreated 272 3.39 2.42,4.74 < 0.001 2.04 1.40,2.97 < 0.001
Waste Disposal
 Sanitary Waste Disposal 11,906 1      
 Unsanitary Waste Disposal 3155 1.46 1.24,1.71 < 0.001    NS
 Others 99 1.72 0.82,3.57 0.143    
Sanitary and Unsanitary
 Sanitary Latrines 14,744 1      
 Unsanitary Latrines 412 2.14 1.55,2.96 < 0.001    NS
  1. *NS not significant
  2. OR odd ratio
  3. AoR adjusted odd ratio
  4. CI confidence interval
  5. Significant results are bold