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Table 3 Association of Vitamin D status with dietary habits. None of the foods was fortified with vitamin D

From: Vitamin D status in Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India

Variables Groups n Plasma 25OH vitamin D status P value
Deficient (< 12 ng/mL) Insufficient (12–20 ng/mL) Sufficient (> 20 ng/mL)
Consumption of fatty fish No 36 11 (30.6) 15 (41.7) 10 (27.8) 0.0056
Yes 388 48 (12.4) 160 (41.2) 180 (46.4)
Consumption of beef No 249 36 (14.5) 108 (43.4) 105 (42.2) 0.4248
Yes 175 23 (13.1) 67 (38.3) 85 (48.6)
Consumption of liver No 205 34 (16.6) 87 (42.4) 84 (41.) 0.1766
Yes 219 25 (11.4) 88 (40.2) 106 (48.4)
Consumption of milk No 221 26 (11.8) 102 (46.2) 93 (42.1) 0.0835
Yes 203 33 (16.3) 73 (36.0) 97 (47.8)