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Table 2 Self-reported measures

From: Alcohol pictorial health warning labels: the impact of self-affirmation and health warning severity

  Avoidance Reactance Susceptibility Effectiveness Motivation Self-efficacy
Group Highly Severe Moderately Severe Highly Severe Moderately Severe Highly Severe Moderately Severe Highly Severe Moderately Severe Highly Severe Moderately Severe
Control (n = 64) 3.33 (0.92) 2.30 (0.84) 2.39 (0.82) 2.16 (0.71) 2.05 (0.59) 2.07 (0.52) 3.26 (0.65) 2.50 (0.64) 2.53 (0.64) 2.14 (0.68) 3.11 (0.99)
Self-Affirmed (n = 64) 3.19 (0.89) 2.32 (0.71) 2.46 (0.75) 2.23 (0.58) 2.10 (0.69) 2.05 (0.63) 3.23 (0.69) 2.49 (0.53) 2.73 (0.79) 2.20 (0.63) 3.30 (1.11)
Mean (n = 128) 3.26 (0.91) 2.31 (0.77) 2.42 (0.78) 2.20 (0.65) 2.08 (0.64) 2.06 (0.57) 3.25 (0.67) 2.50 (0.58) 2.63 (0.72) 2.17 (0.65) 3.20 (1.05)
  1. Means and standard deviations (in parentheses) for self-reported scores for avoidance, reactance, susceptibility, effectiveness and motivation by self-affirmation condition (self-affirmation condition vs. control condition) and for each health warning severity condition (highly-severe vs. moderately-severe pictorial health warning)