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Table 4 Confirmatory factor analysis of the cultural belief scales

From: Factor structure and internal reliability of cultural belief scales about colorectal cancer screening among Koreans in the Republic of Korea

Scale and items Corrected item-Total correlation Factor loadings
Factor 1 (cancer fatalism)
 CF9. I think if someone is meant to have colorectal cancer, he/she will have colorectal cancer. 0.71 0.80
 CF12. I think if someone has colorectal cancer and receives treatment for it, he/she will probably still die from the colorectal cancer. 0.74 0.80
 CF13. I think if someone was meant to have colorectal cancer, he/she will get colorectal cancer regardless of what doctors and nurses tell him/her to do. 0.76 0.80
 CF11. I think if someone gets colorectal cancer, he/she will die from it regardless of whether it is detected early or late. 0.72 0.76
 CF6. I think if someone gets colorectal cancer, he/she will die soon. 0.70 0.75
 CF15. I think colorectal cancer will kill me no matter when it is found and how it is treated. 0.67 0.75
 CF7. I think if someone gets colorectal cancer, that’s the way he/she was meant to die. 0.70 0.74
 CF5. I think if someone gets colorectal cancer, it was meant to be. 0.74 0.73
 CF2. I think if someone has colorectal cancer, it is already too late to receive treatment. 0.68 0.72
 CF4. I think if someone is meant to get colorectal cancer, he/she will get it regardless of what he/she does. 0.70 0.72
 CF14. I think if someone is meant to have colorectal cancer, he/she will get bowel cancer regardless of whether he/she eats healthy foods. 0.66 0.65
 CF10. I think some people do not want to know if they have colorectal cancer because they do not want to know they may be dying from it. 0.60 0.61
 CF3. I think someone can eat fatty foods all of their life, and if he/she is not meant to get colorectal cancer, he/she won’t get it. 0.62 0.60
 CF18. I think there is little one can do to prevent cancer. 0.56 0.54
 CF1. I think if someone is meant to have colorectal cancer, he/she will get colorectal cancer despite the type of food he/she eats. 0.55 0.50
 CF16. I think it is fate to get cancer. 0.56 0.50
 CF8. I think getting checked for colorectal cancer makes people scared that they may really have colorectal cancer. 0.45 0.44
 HF11. I often feel helpless in dealing with the problems of life. 0.50 0.42
 CF17. I think cancer is always fatal. 0.34 0.28
 HF12. There is really no way I can solve some of the problems I have. 0.41 0.29
Factor 2 (health fatalism)
 HF9. How long I live is a matter of luck. 0.74 0.92
 HF8. I think destiny or fate is determined by God. 0.74 0.82
 HF7. I think health or illness is determined by God. 0.72 0.75
 HF6. I will die when I am fated to die. 0.71 0.73
 HF10. I will stay healthy if I am lucky. 0.62 0.70
 HF5. How long I live is predetermined. 0.75 0.67
 HF4. I think health or illness is a matter of fate. 0.70 0.62
 EC10. Luck has a lot to do with whether I am healthy or ill. 0.53 0.58
 HF3. Life is predetermined. 0.66 0.55
 EC9. It is solely up to God to decide if I am healthy or ill. 0.46 0.43
 HF2. What will happen will happen regardless of what I do. 0.54 0.40
 HF1. I cannot control life and death. 0.41 0.27
Factor 3 (crisis health orientation and external control)
 EC6. There is nothing that I can do to detect health problems early. 0.68 0.88
 EC5. I have little influence over the things that happen to me. 0.62 0.80
 EC7. There is nothing that I can do to detect colorectal cancer early. 0.59 0.79
 EC4. Other powerful people decide when I should be screened for health problems. 0.61 0.62
 EC2. Friends decide when I should be screened for health problems. 0.63 0.60
 EC8. Identifying health problems early is a matter of chance. 0.47 0.58
 EC3. Health care providers, such as the doctor, decide when I should be screened for health problems. 0.44 0.42
 CHO2. Planning for regular health screenings is not important. 0.50 0.36
 CHO3. As long as I am feeling well now, it is not important for me to have regular health screenings. 0.45 0.33
 EC1. My family members decide when I should be screened for health problems. 0.37 0.21
 CHO1. I only need to see my health care provider when I am sick. 0.25 0.16
Factor 4 (preventive health orientation and internal control)
 PHO1. Being healthy is important for my future. 0.69 0.92
 PHO2. It makes sense to take care of my health now so I can be healthy in the future. 0.69 0.91
 PHO3. It is important for me to do things now to prevent health problems. 0.68 0.86
 IC1. I can make a difference in my health by detecting problems early. 0.62 0.62
 PHO4. Identifying health problems early is important to me. 0.55 0.58
 PHO5. It is important for me to plan to have CRC screening. 0.31 0.33
 IC2. I should take it upon myself to find health problems early. 0.48 0.33
 IC3. Finding health problems early is my responsibility. 0.52 0.33
 IC4. I have a lot to do with finding health problems early. 0.47 0.31
  1. CF cancer fatalism, HF health fatalism, EC external control, CHO crisis health orientation, PHO preventive health orientation, IC internal control