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Table 2 Characteristics of different participation groups in group-based physical activity programmes at t1

From: Participation in group-based physical activity programmes for adults in Germany and associated factors: data from a nationwide cohort study

Participation ‘Once at t1’ n = 479 % (95% CI) ‘Twice’ n = 94 % (95% CI) ‘Once at t0’ n = 149 % (95% CI) ‘No’ n = 2456 % (95% CI) Total n = 3178 % (95% CI) p-value
Total 13.1 (11.7–14.5) 2.1 (1.7–2.6) 4.0 (3.4–4.9) 80.8 (79.2–82.4)   
Demographic characteristics
Sex
  Women 68.3 (63.4–72.9) 79.9 (67.9–88.3) 62.8 (53.9–70.8) 48.8 (46.4–51.1) 52.5 (50.5–54.6)  
  Men 31.7 (27.1–36.6) 20.1 (11.7–32.1) 37.2 (29.2–46.1) 51.2 (48.9–53.6) 47.5 (45.4–49.5) 0.000
Age
  30–44 years 31.6 (26.3–37.4) 10.7 (5.7–19.4) 24.2 (17.2–32.9) 31.6 (28.6–34.7) 30.9 (28.1–33.7)  
  45–64 years 43.0 (37.8–48.4) 52.3 (41.2–63.2) 49.6 (41.6–57.6) 44.4 (41.4–47.4) 44.6 (42.0–47.2)  
  65–79 years 25.4 (21.3–30.0) 37.0 (27.0–48.1) 26.2 (19.5–34.2) 24.1 (22.1–26.2) 24.6 (22.7–26.6) 0.011
Socioeconomic characteristics
Educational level
  Low 9.7 (6.6–14.1) 16.1 (9.0–27.2) 15.4 (9.5–24.2) 18.6 (16.0–21.5) 17.3 (15.0–19.7)  
  Middle 54.9 (49.5–60.2) 48.7 (38.4–59.2) 58.4 (49.7–66.5) 56.1 (53.2–59.0) 55.9 (53.3–58.4)  
  High 35.4 (30.3–40.7) 35.2 (25.6–46.1) 26.2 (18.9–35.1) 25.3 (23.0–27.7) 26.8 (24.7–29.1) 0.000
Income
  Below 60% 9.9 (7.0–13.9) 11.7 (6.3–20.5) 9.9 (5.4–17.2) 15.4 (13.3–17.7) 14.4 (12.5–16.4)  
  60–150% 66.5 (60.4–72.1) 68.1 (57.7–76.9) 72.2 (63.2–79.8) 65.3 (62.9–67.6) 65.8 (63.6–68.0)  
  Above 150% 23.6 (18.7–29.3) 20.3 (13.1–30.0) 17.9 (11.9–26.0) 19.3 (17.1–21.7) 19.8 (17.8–22.0) 0.052
Sports behaviour
Sports activity aggregated (in the last 3 months)
  No sports 10.8 (8.1–14.5) 8.6 (4.6–15.5) 26.8 (18.8–36.7) 44.7 (42.0–47.4) 38.7 (36.4–41.1)  
  Sports activity per week 89.2 (85.5–91.9) 91.4 (84.5–95.4) 73.2 (63.3–81.2) 55.3 (52.6–58.0) 61.3 (58.9–63.6) 0.000
Health status
Subjective health status
  Good/very good 66.5 (60.9–71.6) 66.8 (57.1–75.3) 65.0 (55.9–73.1) 69.3 (66.6–71.8) 68.7 (66.3–70.9)  
  Fair/poor/very poor 33.5 (28.4–39.1) 33.2 (24.7–42.9) 35.0 (26.9–44.1) 30.7 (28.2–33.4) 31.3 (29.1–33.7) 0.515
Enabling factor
Physician physical activity counselling
  No 80.5 (75.4–84.8) 84.3 (72.2–91.7) 91.7 (85.0–95.6) 92.3 (90.7–93.7) 90.6 (89.1–92.0)  
  Yes 19.5 (15.2–24.6) 15.7 (8.3–27.8) 8.3 (4.4–15.0) 7.7 (6.3–9.3) 9.4 (8.0–10.9) 0.000
  1. CI, confidence interval