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Table 1 Summary of some of the key activities of the major international humanitarian health organizations in Yemen as stated on their official websites in December, 2017, and in the academic literature reviewed by May, 2018. This is not an exhaustive list, but may serve as an indicator of some of the main focus areas of these individual organizations during the conflict up until the reviews were conducted. (Some categories may overlap)

From: The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward

Key activities WHO [22, 31, 33, 34] UNICEF [35, 36] IRC [37, 38] ICRC [22, 39] MSF [40, 41]
Delivery of new health services Operated 406 general health and nutrition mobile teams   Delivered health and nutrition services, essential drugs and medical supplies   Established 37 cholera treatment centers and oral rehydration points
Delivered child and nutrition interventions in 323 districts   Deployed mobile health teams   
Established 36 cholera treatment centers   Established community health volunteer networks for referral of malnourished children to treatment and counsel   
Established 139 oral rehydration corners     
Support of existing health system Sustained functionality of 414 health facilities   See “Health infrastructure” Supported 17 cholera treatment facilities  
Health infrastructure Distributed more than 2 million liters of fuel for hospital generators, ambulances etc. Delivered 40 tons of medical equipment including medicine, ORS, IV fluids and diarrhea kits. Provided seven hospitals with drugs, supplies and infrastructure Sent medical supplies including IV fluids, ORS, antibiotics and chlorine tablets for cholera management  
Delivered 1 million bags of IV fluids     
Distributed 158 cholera kits     
Sent 1450 cholera cots     
Shipped in ambulances     
WaSH   Provided safe water to over one million people Delivered WaSH services Dispatched engineers to restore water supply systems in the country Planned to conduct outreach activities including chlorination of infected water sources and distribution of hygiene kits
  Deployed 20,000 community hygiene promoters (part of awareness campaigns below)    
Staff training Trained 900 health workers in cholera management   Trained health staff on cholera treatment   
Epidemiological activities Expanded disease surveillance capacity     
Management Coordination of Health Cluster Yemen WaSH cluster lead    
Awareness   Ran several cholera awareness campaigns    Planned to conduct awareness-raising via radio stations and mosques
Advocacy    Advocated for a direct humanitarian air service and for peace   
Summary output of activities Treated 700,000 suspected cases of cholera    Provided care to nearly one in five cholera cases in Yemen Admitted more than 103,000 patients
  1. Abbreviations: WHO World Health Organization, UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund, IRC International Rescue Committee, ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross, MSF Médecins Sans Frontières, WaSH Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, ORS Oral Rehydration Solution