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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics by Intervention Group§

From: Sexual violence among adolescent girls and young women in Malawi: a cluster-randomized controlled implementation trial of empowerment self-defense training

  Primary School Secondary School
  Intervention
(n = 2491)
n (%)
Control
(n = 2708)
n (%)
Overall (n = 5199)
n (%)
Intervention
(n = 757)
n (%)
Control
(n = 688)
n (%)
Overall (n = 1445)
n (%)
District
 Lilongwe 702 (28.2) 569 (21.0) 1271 (24.5)* 495 (65.4) 497 (72.2) 992 (68.7)*
 Dedza 484 (19.4) 654 (24.2) 1138 (21.9) 50 (6.6) 59 (8.6) 109 (7.5)
 Salima 1305 (52.4) 1485 (54.8) 2790 (53.7) 212 (28.0) 132 (19.2) 344 (23.8)
School Class
 Class 5 929 (37.7) 1123 (41.8) 2052 (39.8)*
 Class 6 819 (33.2) 849 (31.6) 1668 (32.4)
 Class 7 718 (29.1) 712 (26.5) 1430 (27.8)
 Form 1 286 (37.8) 242 (35.5) 528 (36.7)
 Form 2 225 (29.7) 204 (30.0) 429 (29.9)
 Form 3 245 (32.4) 235 (34.5) 480 (33.4)
Chinamwali
 Underwent 721 (29.3) 1022 (38.0) 1743 (33.8)* 240 (32.5) 219 (32.1) 459 (32.3)
 Did not undergo 1742 (70.7) 1667 (62.0) 3409 (66.2) 499 (67.5) 464 (67.9) 963 (67.7)
Ever forced to have sex
 Yes 407 (16.4) 403 (14.9) 810 (15.6) 220 (29.3) 154 (22.4) 374 (26.0)*
 No 2082 (83.7) 2304 (85.1) 4386 (84.4) 531 (70.7) 534 (77.6) 1065 (74.0)
Past year forced sex
 None 2164 (90.3) 2375 (90.6) 4539 (90.4) 584 (80.9) 550 (82.8) 1134 (81.8)
 1 time 120 (5.0) 112 (4.3) 232 (4.6) 53 (7.3) 41 (6.2) 94 (6.8)
 2 times 47 (2.0) 56 (2.1) 103 (2.1) 35 (4.9) 43 (6.5) 78 (5.6)
 3 times ** ** ** 23 (3.2) 15 (2.3) 38 (2.7)
 4+ times ** 52 (2.0) ** 27 (3.7) 15 (2.3) 42 (3.0)
  1. § Sample size fluctuates slightly to accommodate small amounts of missing data, *χ2 test significant at the 0.05 level, **cell with < 2% suppressed