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Table 1 Some of the characteristics of the sample population, separated by sex

From: Metabolic syndrome among adolescents in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is attributable to the high prevalence of low HDL levels: a cross-sectional study

  All (n = 596) Boys (n = 308) Girls (n = 288) p-value
Anthropometric Measurements
 Age (years) 13.1 ± 1.3 13.1 ± 1.3 13.0 ± 1.3 0.498
 Weight (kg) 54.6 ± 17.8 55.0 ± 20.0 54.2 ± 15.0 0.561
 Height (m) 1.57 ± 0.09 1.58 ± 0.10 1.55 ± 0.64 0.038
 BMI z-score 0.50 ± 1.33 0.35 ± 1.47 0.66 ± 1.15 0.005
 Waist circumference (cm) 72.5 ± 11.6 73.5 ± 12.0 71.5 ± 10.9 0.029
 Waist-hip ratio 0.81 ± 0.06 0.83 ± 0.05 0.78 ± 0.06 < 0.001
Blood Pressure and Biochemical Measurements
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 114.9 ± 16.6 118.1 ± 19.3 111.5 ± 12.3 < 0.001
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 72.0 ± 14.0 72.6 ± 16.3 71.4 ± 11.0 0.281
 Glucose (mmol/L) 5.2 ± 0.4 5.24 ± 0.39 5.16 ± 0.43 0.021
 Triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.79 ± 0.38 0.79 ± 0.42 0.78 ± 0.32 0.926
 Cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.1 ± 0.7 4.0 ± 0.7 4.1 ± 0.7 0.122
 HDL (mmol/L) 1.23 ± 0.29 1.21 ± 0.30 1.25 ± 0.28 0.111
 LDL (mmol/L) 2.66 ± 0.64 2.64 ± 0.65 2.69 ± 0.62 0.357
  1. Values are reported as the mean ± SD
  2. T-tests were performed to detect differences in means between boys and girls. Significance was set at a p-value < 0.05