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Table 2 Comparison of the three cluster solution for diet, PA and SB. PeNSE Brazil, 2015

From: Clustering of diet, physical activity and sedentary behavior among Brazilian adolescents in the national school - based health survey (PeNSE 2015)

  Cluster 1
Health-promoting
SB and diet
Cluster 2
Health-promoting
PA and diet
Cluster 3
Health-risk
F p Value Effect size
n = 32,814 n = 45,234 n = 22,746
mean ± sd (range) mean ± sd (range) mean ± sd (range)    
Physical activity 0.68 ± 0.92 (0, 4) 4.56 ± 2.05 (0, 7) 0.86 ± 1.24 (0, 6) 72,102.5 p < 0.001 0.59
Sedentary behavior 2.59 ± 1.55 (1, 7) 3.85 ± 2.31 (1, 9) 7.78 ± 1.39 (3, 9) 52,596.5 p < 0.001 0.51
Unhealthy diet 1.68 ± 0.97 (0, 4.8) 2.87 ± 1.49 (0, 7) 3.24 ± 1.45 (0, 7) 11,387.9 p < 0.001 0.18
Healthy diet 2.68 ± 1.97 (0, 7) 4.10 ± 2.07 (0, 7) 2.58 ± 1.97 (0, 7) 6610.8 p < 0.001 0.16
  1. sd standard deviation
  2. Differences between clusters were observed by ANOVA test. All three clusters are significantly different at p < 0.001(Tukey post hoc)
  3. Eta-squared effect sizes
  4. The methodology for complex analysis and weighting was considered