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Table 1 Analysis of Key Variables from IDI using Frequency Table

From: Environmental, economic and socio-cultural risk factors of recurrent seasonal epidemics of cerebrospinal meningitis in Kebbi state, northwestern Nigeria: a qualitative approach

S/N Variables Settlement: Jandutsi Settlement: Birnin Yari Settlement: Sarkin Fada II Settlement: Attagarawa Frequency
1 Number of people per room 1–3: 3 1–3: 4 1–3: 3 1–3: 4 14
4–7: 4 4–7: 3 4–7: 4 4–7: 3 14
8–10: 3 8–10: 3 8–10: 3 8–10: 3 12
2 Number of rooms available for sleeping 1–3: 6 1–3: 4 1–3: 6 1–3: 4 20
4–7: 1 4–7: 3 4–7: 1 4–7: 2 7
8–10: 3 8–10: 3 8–10: 3 8–10: 4 13
3 Housing arrangement Space between building: 1 Space between building: 4 Space between building: 3 Space between building: 2 10
Shared Toilet: 8 Shared Toilet: 5 Shared Toilet: 4 Shared Toilet: 4 21
Single use: 1 Single use: 1 Single use: 3 Single use: 4 9
4 Size of the window in the room Small: 6 Small: 6 Small: 4 Small: 10 26
Medium:3 Medium: 3 Medium: 3 Medium: 0 12
Big: 0 Big: 0 Big: 2 Big: 0 2
5 Size of the window in the kitchen Small: 8 Small:8 Small: 10 Small: 10 36
Big: 2 Big: 2 Big: 0 Big: 0 4
6 Location of kitchen Close to the room: 5 Close to the room:5 Close to the room: 5 Close to the room: 5 20
Far from the room: 4 Far from the room: 4 Far from the room: 4 Far from the room: 4 16
Open Kitchen: 1 Open Kitchen:1 Open Kitchen: 1 Open Kitchen: 1 4
7 Type of cooking fuel used Firewood: 10 Firewood: 5 Firewood: 10 Firewood/Millet Stalk: 10 35
    Gas:1    1
    Kerosene: 4    4
8 Neighbourhood wealth index Middle class: 4 Middle class: 5 Middle Class: 7 Middle class: 3 18
Poor: 6 Poor: 5 Poor: 3 Poor: 7 22
9 Educational status Western: 0 Western: 4 Western: 0 Western: 6 10
Qur’anic: 10 Qur’anic: 6 Qur’anic: 10 Qur’anic: 4 30
10 Social events Market: 3 Market: 3 Market: 5 Market: 6 17
Wedding: 2 Wedding: 4 Wedding: 2 Wedding: 0 8
Naming ceremony: 2 Naming ceremony: 1 Naming ceremony: 0 Naming ceremony: 1 4
Funeral: 0 Funeral: 0 Funeral: 1 Funeral: 0 1
School: 2 School: 2 School:2 School: 0 6
Farm: 1 Farm: 0 Farm:0 Farm: 0 1
Majalisa: 0 Majalisa: 0 Majalisa: 0 Majalisa: 3 3
11 Often visits social gathering Daily: 3 Daily: 4 Daily: 4 Daily: 5 16
2-3 days/week: 5 2-3 days/week: 2 2-3 days/week: 3 2-3 days/week: 3 13
4–7 days a week: 2 4–7 days a week: 4 4–7 days a week: 3 4–7 days a week: 2 11
12 Places for seeking health Hospital: 1 Hospital: 6 Hospital: 3 Hospital: 10 20
PMV: 4 PMV: 3 PMV: 5   12
Traditional: 1 Traditional: 1 Traditional: 2   4
Health worker (Unregulated Practice): 4 Unregulated Practice: 0 Unregulated Practice: 0 Unregulated Practice: 0 4
13 What influences treatment Money: 7 Money: 9 Money: 5 Money: 5 26
Severity of illness: 3 Severity of illness: 1 Severity of illness: 5 Severity of illness: 5 14
14 Who decides where to seek treatment Father: 10 Father: 6 Father: 5 Father: 8 28
Mother: 0 Mother: 4 Mother: 5 Mother: 2 11
15 How early after onset of symptoms Immediately: 9 Immediately: 6 Immediately: 8 Immediately: 1 24
Sometimes later: 1 Sometimes later: 4 Sometimes later: 2 Sometimes later: 9 16
16 Compliant to immunization Yes:7 Yes: 8 Yes:7 Yes: 9 31
No: 3 No: 2 No: 3 No: 1 9
17 Isolation of cases Isolate infected person: 8 Isolate infected person: 8 Isolate infected person: 6 Isolate infected person: 8 30
Avoid sleeping with people: 2 Avoid sleeping with people: 2 Avoid sleeping with people: 4 Avoid sleeping with people: 2 10
18 Environmental factors promoting for recurrent outbreak Heat and dry weather: 7 Heat and dry weather: 7 Heat and dry weather: 7 Heat and dry weather: 10 31
Sanitation: 3 Sanitation: 3 Sanitation: 3 Sanitation: 0 9
19 Factors that promote the spread of meningitis Poor sanitation: 6 Poor sanitation: 6 Poor sanitation: 6 Poor sanitation: 2 20
Poor ventilation: 4 Poor ventilation: 4 Poor ventilation: 4 Poor ventilation:8 20
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