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Table 3 Likelihood of support for social norms of physical (in)activity

From: Assessing the social climate of physical (in)activity in Canada

  Descriptive norms Society disapproves of inactivity Injunctive norms of physical activity
Walking Exercising Kids active
B (SE) OR (CI) B (SE) OR (CI) B (SE) OR (CI) B (SE) OR (CI)   B (SE) OR (CI)
Disagreeb           Nonec   
  Intercept 0.11 (0.47)   0.22 (0.40)   0.12 (0.34)   −0.00 (0.37)    −1.11 (0.57)  
Age −0.02 (0.01) 0.99 (0.97–1.00) − 0.01 (0.01) 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 0.003 (0.004) 1.00 (1.00–1.01) − 0.001 (0.00) 0.10 (0.99–1.01)   0.002 (0.01) 1.00 (0.99–1.02)
Income −0.16 (0.10) 0.19 (0.70–1.04) − 0.16 (0.08) 0.85 (0.72–1.00) −0.03 (0.07) 0.97 (0.85–1.11) 0.08 (0.07) 1.08 (0.93–1.25)   −0.17 (0.11) 0.84 (0.68–1.06)
Sex (female) − 0.41 (0.19) 0.66 (0.45–0.97) −0.18 (0.16) 0.84 (0.61–1.15) − 0.05 (0.13) 0.95 (0.74–1.23) − 0.37 (0.15) 0.69 (0.52–0.91)   0.09 (0.22) 1.09 (0.71–1.68)
Sex (male) Reference Reference Reference Reference   Reference
Dwelling (urban) −1.21 (0.23) 0.30 (0.19–0.47)** −0.85 (0.20) 0.43 (0.29–0.63)** − 0.42 (0.17) 0.66 (0.47–0.92) − 0.43 (0.18) 0.65 (0.46–0.92)   − 0.24 (0.28) 0.78 (0.45–1.36)
Dwelling (semi-urban) −0.76 (0.25) 0.47 (0.29–0.76)* − 0.70 (0.23) 0.50 (0.32–0.78)* − 0.59 (0.20) 0.55 (0.38–0.82)* − 0.84 (0.23) 0.43 (0.28–0.67)**   0.29 (0.32) 1.34 (0.72–2.51)
Dwelling (rural) Reference Reference Reference Reference   Reference
PAa (inactive) −0.18 (0.23) 0.84 (0.53–1.31) 0.03 (0.20) 1.03 (0.70–1.51) 0.14 (0.16) 1.15 (0.84–1.58) 0.07 (0.18) 1.08 (0.76–1.53)   1.03 (0.30) 2.79 (1.54–5.05)*
PAa (active) Reference Reference Reference Reference   Reference
Neutralb           A few/somec   
  Intercept 0.53 (0.27)   0.81 (0.27)   0.95 (0.30)   1.31 (0.29)    1.04 (0.35)  
Age −0.02 (0.003) 0.98 (0.98–0.99)** −0.01 (0.003) 0.99 (0.98–0.99)** −0.01 (0.004) 0.99 (0.98–1.00) − 0.01 (0.00) 0.99 (0.98–0.99)**   0.00 (0.00) 1.00 (0.99–1.01)
Income − 0.01 (0.05) 0.99 (0.89–1.10) −0.04 (0.05) 0.97 (0.87–1.07) − 0.01 (0.06) 0.99 (0.88–1.11) 0.02 (0.06) 1.02 (0.91–1.14)   0.05 (0.07) 1.05 (0.92–1.21)
Sex (female) − 0.24 (0.10) 0.79 (0.64–0.96) −0.22 (0.10) 0.80 (0.66–0.98) − 0.11 (0.12) 0.90 (0.72–1.12) − 0.20 (0.11) 0.82 (0.66–1.02)   0.14 (0.14) 1.15 (0.87–1.51)
Sex (male) Reference Reference   Reference   Reference    Reference  
Dwelling (urban) −0.30 (0.14) 0.74 (0.57–0.96) − 0.30 (0.14) 0.74 (0.57–0.97) − 0.30 (0.16) 0.74 (0.54–1.00) − 0.26 (0.15) 0.77 (0.58–1.04)   − 0.08 (0.18) 0.93 (0.65–1.32)
Dwelling (semi-urban) − 0.21 (0.15) 0.81 (0.60–1.09) − 0.17 (0.15) 0.84 (0.62–1.14) − 0.30 (0.18) 0.75 (0.53–1.05) 0.10 (0.17) 1.10 (0.79–1.54)   0.24 (0.22) 1.27 (0.83–1.94)
Dwelling (rural) Reference Reference Reference Reference   Reference
PAa (inactive) 0.18 (0.13) 1.20 (0.92–1.56) 0.43 (0.13) 1.54 (1.19–1.99)* 0.43 (0.14) 1.54 (1.16–2.05)* 0.22 (0.14) 1.24 (0.94–1.64)   0.64 (0.16) 1.90 (1.39–2.58)**
PAa (active) Reference Reference Reference Reference   Reference
  R2 (Nagelkerke)   .042   .033   .020   .039    .024
  1. * p < .01, ** p < .001
  2. aThose who do (vs. do not) achieve 150 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity a week
  3. bThe reference category is: agree
  4. cThe reference category: most people