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Table 4 Final Multivariable Model examining socio-demographic and EMTCT service variables as predictors of MTCT

From: Impact of maternal ART on mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV at six weeks postpartum in Rwanda

Variables Odds ratio Std Err. t Pr(T > t) 95% Confidence Interval
  5.53 2.53 3.74 < 0.001 2.24 13.70
Mother timing of initiation of ART during pregnancy (Ref: 1=prior to pregnancy) 2.03 1.18 1.22 0.226 0.64 6.44
Mother timing of initiation of ART after delivery (Ref: 1=prior to pregnancy) 236.54 267.37 4,84 < 0.001 25.26 2213.05
No Disclosure (Ref: Disclosure) 6.19 1.87 6.05 < 0.001 3.41 11.24
Gestational Age started antenatal care > = 27 weeks (Ref:< 27 weeks) 1.65 0.73 1.12 0.264 0.68 3.97
No Syphilis Screen during pregnancy (Ref: Yes) 2.87 0.90 3.35 0.001 1.54 5.35
Full Term (Ref: Preterm) 0.24 0.09 −3.95 < 0.001 0.12 0.50
Infant ARV Prophylaxis Initiation within 6 weeks (Ref:Nevirapine within 72 h) 5.01 1.99 4.05 < 0.001 2.28 11.02
Both Mother & Baby got ART/ARV (Ref: either mother or baby or both no ART/ARV) 0.01 0.18 −3.40 0.001 0.001 0.17
Mother age > 25 (Ref: <=25 years old) 0.33 0.13 −2.54 0.012 0.14 0.78
Source of income Self-employed (Ref: None) 2.78 1.62 1.75 0.082 0.88 8.82
Type of toilet Pit (Ref: Flush) 0.12 0.07 −3.92 < 0.001 0.04 0.35