Skip to main content

Table 2 Univariable Analysis of Infant HIV Infection by Socio-Demographic Factors

From: Impact of maternal ART on mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV at six weeks postpartum in Rwanda

Variable Answer (#)* MTCT % 95%CI p-value
Infant sex Female (826) 1.8 1.1–3.0 0.462
Male (813) 1.4 0.8–2.3
Age of mother 35+ (399) 1.3 0.4–3.8 0.003
25–34 (809) 0.9 0.4–1.8
15–24 (360) 3.6 2.3–5.7
Education of mother None (273) 2.1 0.9–4.9 0.308
Primary (1145) 1.2 0.7–2.1
Secondary+ (183) 3.5 1.3–8.7
Marital status of mother Married (508) 2.5 1.1–5.5 0.046
Co-Habitating (797) 0.6 0.2–1.2
Single/Other (324) 1.9 1.1–3.2
Main building material of the floor Natural/Other (1629) 2.7 1.4–5.1 0.334
Rudimentary (152) 1.2 0.2–5.8
Finished (383) 1.3 0.7–2.2
Main source of drinking water Tap in House/Yard (154) 2.3 1.0–5.2 0.696
Public Tap (859) 1.6 0.9–2.8
Well (covered or uncovered) (469) 1.1 0.4–3.1
Spring/River/Other (146) 2.3 0.8–6.6
Type of toilet Flush (16) 10.2 2.2–36.6 0.004
Pit Latrine (1580) 1.5 1.0–2.4
None/Bush/Other (31) 0
Main source of cooking fuel Firewood/Dung/ Other (1133) 1.2 )0.7–2.1 0.071
Elec/Gas/Kerosene/ Charcoal (497) 2.7 1.6–4.5
Depletion of food in past 12 months Never ran out of food (1320) 1.9 0.8–4.3 0.717
Ran out of food (299) 1.5 0.9–2.5
Number of Pregnancies One (309) 2.3 1.2–4.4 0.312
2 or more (1295) 1.4 0.9–2.4
Planned Pregnancy Not Planned (767) 1.2 0.7–2.1 0.079
Planned (794) 2.0 1.2–3.3
Religion Catholic (662) 1.9 1.0–3.4 0.518
Other Christian (739) 1.3 0.7–2.3
Other Religion (223) 1.9 1.0–3.5
Rural or Urban Rural (984) 1.3 0.7–2.3 0.268
Urban (655) 2.1 1.2–3.6
Source of income (can indicate multiple sources) Self-Employed (744) 2.2 1.3–3.8 0.115
Other Source (970) 0.9 0.5–1.6
None (96) 1.5 0.3–7.3
Composite Asset Indicator (Electricity, Radio, TV, Phone, Refrigerator, Bicycle, Motorcycle/Scooter, Car) 0 assets (507) 1.3 0.6–2.9 0.323
1–2-3 assets (1000) 1.5 0.8–2.7
4–5-6 assets (126) 3.5 1.7–7.5
  1. *Totals may not add to 100% due to missing
\