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Table 7 Description of dietary patterns according to anthropometric and biochemical parameters (n = 319)

From: Unhealthy dietary patterns among healthcare professionals and students in Mexico

  aT1 T2 T3  
Median 25th and 75th percentile Median 25th and 75th percentile Median 25th and 75th percentile bP
  Traditional Westernized Dietary Pattern
Waist circumference (cm) 77.4 70.4–84.6 76.0 68.9–82.6 78.6 69.0–86.5 0.561
cBMI (kg/m2) 24.1 21.4–26.6 23.2 20.5–26.0 23.0 20.1–26.2 0.201
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 69.2 64.5–75.0 69.0 63.5–76.5 69.5 64.0–75.0 0.995
Systolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 117.0 107.2–123.2 115.0 107.5–125.0 115.0 106.0–124.0 0.871
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) 72.0 66.5–77.0 71.0 66.0–76.0 72.0 67.0–79.0 0.373
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 166.5 138.5–196.0 169.0 145.0–193.0 163.0 143.0–179.0 0.323
HDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 52.0 46.0–59.5 54.0 47.0–61.0 52.0 46.0–59.0 0.590
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 72.0 52.5–104.5 73.0 54.0–104.0 75.0 55.0–113.0 0.831
LDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 95.7 73.0–119.2 95.0 78.0–119.5 92.0 76.4–107.0 0.670
  Healthy Dietary Pattern
Waist circumference (cm) 74.2 67.3–82.3 78.0 71.3–82.5 78.7 70.4–88.7 0.015*
cBMI (kg/m2) 22.3 20.2–25.3 23.1 20.9–25.8 24.3 21.8–27.3 0.003*
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 70.5 65.5–75.5 69.0 64.5–73.5 69.5 63.5–76.5 0.470
Systolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 115.0 107.5–123.0 115.0 106.0–124.0 117.0 107.0–124.5 0.698
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) 71.0 66.0–78.0 71.0 66.0–78.0 72.5 67.0–78.0 0.349
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 164.0 141.0–186.0 164.0 142.0–183.0 172.5 148.0–199.0 0.057
HDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 51.0 47.0–61.0 52.0 46.0–60.0 54.0 46.0–60.0 0.705
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 75.0 55.0–107.0 67.0 49.0–101.0 77.5 57.0–110.0 0.200
LDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 91.0 72.0–111.8 92.4 77.0–107.0 98.0 76.8–123.2 0.115
  Animal protein & alcoholic beverages Dietary Pattern
Waist circumference (cm) 75.8 68.0–82.5 75.9 69.2–83.0 79.1 72.1–86.1 0.061
cBMI (kg/m2) 23.2 20.5–26.3 23.0 21.0–25.5 23.6 21.1–26.8 0.698
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 69.0 64.5–75.0 70.2 64.5–75.2 69.2 63.5–75.5 0.956
Systolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 112.0 105.5–120.0 117.0 108.7–123.5 117.0 108.0–126.0 0.041*
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) 71.0 67.0–75.0 72.0 66.0–79.0 72.0 66.0–78.0 0.399
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 165.0 142.0–181.0 166.5 143.0–192.5 167.0 142.0–191.0 0.644
HDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 52.5 46.0–60.0 52.0 48.0–59.0 52.5 45.0–61.0 0.969
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 65.5 53.0–102.0 76.5 53.0–102.5 79.5 57.0–119.0 0.232
LDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 88.7 74.0–106.8 98.0 78.4–115.2 92.2 77.0–119.2 0.298
  1. aT: tertile
  2. bThe difference between medians was calculated using the Kruskal Wallis. *P < 0.05 was considered significant
  3. cBMI: Body Mass Index
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