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Table 1 a25 Food groups and the foods that comprise them

From: Unhealthy dietary patterns among healthcare professionals and students in Mexico

Food groups Foods
1. Milk Milk and yogurt.
2. Cheese Cold cheese (cottage cheese and white cheese) and melting cheese.
3. Eggs Eggs.
4. White meat Chicken.
5. Red meat Beef and pork.
6. Processed meats Ham and sausages: salami, chorizo, longaniza, hot dog.
7. Fish and seafood Fish, canned tuna in water or oil, and seafood (squid and crustaceans).
8. Animal fats Butter, cream, bacon, lard, cream cheese.
9. Vegetable fats Corn, sunflower, soy and olive oils, and avocado.
10. Nuts Almonds, walnuts and peanuts.
11. Refined cereals Rice and pasta, white bread and flour tortilla.
12. Whole grains Whole wheat bread, whole-grain cereals and crackers.
13. Tubers Potatoes prepared home-style.
14. Autochthonous cereals Corn tortilla, nixtamal, ear maize and tostada.
15. Legumes Beans, lentils and chickpeas.
16. Vegetables Chard, lettuce, cauliflower, broccoli, green beans, chili, celery, cactus, cucumber, zucchini, squash, onion, garlic, mushroom, tomato, carrot and peas.
17. Fruits Strawberry, plum, grape, dried fruits, bananas, apple, pear, mango, peach, watermelon, cantaloupe, papaya, pineapple, guava, prickly pear, kiwi and citrus.
18. Natural fruit juices Natural fruit juices.
19. Bakery products and cookies Sweet industrialized pastries, homemade sweet bread, cake, cookies and breakfast cereals.
20. Sugars Cajeta, quince cheese, candies, jam, honey, ice cream, chocolate and cocoa powder.
21. Fast food Pizza, hamburgers and fried potato products.
22. Industrial sauces Ketchup, hot sauce and mustard.
23. Water Water.
24. Sweetened drinks Industrialized juices, soft drinks, naturally sweetened fruit drinks (aguas frescas), coffee and tea.
25. Alcoholic beverages Red wine, beer and distillates.
  1. aThe 25 food groups were created based on the 163 items in the semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire