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Table 5 Comparison of Parameter Estimates Between Different Sexes (Men vs. Women) Using Wald Test

From: Sex and sexual orientation in relation to tobacco use among young adult college students in the US: a cross-sectional study

Variables Tobacco Use Outcomes
Cigarettes LCCs E-cigarettes Hookah
Value df p Value df p Value df p Value df p
Sexual orientation (ref = heterosexual)
 Homosexual 0.001 1 .979 7.995 1 .005 0.198 1 .656 0.019 1 .889
 Bisexual 3.589 1 .058 5.915 1 .015 3.285 1 .070 1.307 1 .253
Age 2.496 1 .114 0.499 1 .480 3.983 1 .046 0.036 1 .850
Hispanic 0.045 1 .833 0.015 1 .902 1.028 1 .311 0.087 1 .769
Race (ref = White)
 Black 1.644 1 .200 8.277 1 .004 0.121 1 .728 0.893 1 .345
 Other 3.609 1 .058 1.282 1 .258 0.015 1 .901 0.141 1 .707
School type (ref = private)
 Public 0.883 1 .347 1.329 1 .249 2.535 1 .111 1.135 1 .287
 HBCU 0.288 1 .592 0.515 1 .473 0.283 1 .595 0.002 1 .964
 Technical 0.151 1 .697 0.247 1 .619 0.130 1 .719 0.593 1 .441
Parental education (ref = ≥ Bachelor’s)
  < Bachelor’s degree 4.779 1 .029 1.806 1 .179 4.006 1 .045 0.696 1 .404