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Table 2 Odds Ratios for belonging to each trajectory group of work disability compared to the reference group (constant low trajectory of work disability) among the 7245 individuals aged 19–30 years, with an incident common mental disorder (CMD) in 2007 (CMD-group)

From: Trajectories of work disability and unemployment among young adults with common mental disorders

  Fluctuant vs constant low Increasing low vs constant low Increasing medium vs constant low Increasing high vs constant low Log-likelihood test (p-value)* R2difference**
OR (CI) OR (CI) OR (CI) OR (CI)   
Sociodemographic factors
 Sex
  Male 1 1 1 1 63.5 (< 0.001) 0.009
  Female 1.53 (1.30–1.82) 1.93 (1.60–2.34) 1.18 (0.98–1.44) 1.09 (0.90–1.33)   
 Age
  19–24 years 0.39 (0.33–0.47) 0.66 (0.55–0.79) 0.61 (0.50–0.74) 0.48 (0.39–0.58) 155.6 (< 0.001) 0.021
  25–30 years 1 1 1 1   
 Educational level
  Low (0–9 years) 1.50 (1.17–1.93) 1.91 (1.48–2.46) 2.26 (1.70–3.00) 13.42 (9.47–19.48) 346.5 (< 0.001) 0.052
  Medium (> 9–12 years) 2.20 (1.81–2.68) 1.62 (1.30–2.01) 1.95 (1.52–2.52) 4.68 (3.32–6.74)   
  High (> 12 years) 1 1 1 1   
 Family composition
  Married/living with partner without children at home 1.08 (0.69–1.65) 0.59 (0.33–0.99) 1.15 (0.63–2.01) 1.64 (0.89–2.90) 50.2 (0.012) 0.007
  Married/living with partner with children at home 1 1 1 1   
  Single/divorced/separated/widowed without children at home 0.68 (0.54–0.84) 0.56 (0.44–0.71) 0.88 (0.66–1.17) 1.16 (0.87–1.57)   
  Single/divorced/separated/widowed with children at home 0.72 (0.50–1.01) 0.55 (0.37–0.80) 1.23 (0.82–1.85) 0.75 (0.47–1.20)   
 Type of living area
  Big cities 1 1 1 1 32.1 (< 0.001) 0.004
  Medium-sized cities 0.77 (0.64–0.92) 0.98 (0.81–1.18) 0.93 (0.75–1.15) 1.29 (1.04–1.60)   
  Small cities/villages 0.99 (0.81–1.20) 1.10 (0.88–1.36) 1.18 (0.94–1.49) 1.69 (1.34–2.13)   
 Region of birth
  Sweden 1 1 1 1 26.1 (< 0.001) 0.004
  Western countries 1.00 (0.73–1.35) 0.71 (0.48–1.02) 0.90 (0.60–1.30) 0.56 (0.36–0.86)   
  Non-Western countries 0.69 (0.51–0.92) 0.96 (0.71–1.27) 0.76 (0.54–1.06) 0.51 (0.34–0.72)   
 Unemployment
  No days 1 1 1 1 50.9 (< 0.001) 0.007
  1–179 days 1.09 (0.91–1.31) 1.29 (1.06–1.56) 1.49 (1.21–1.82) 0.61 (0.48–0.77)   
  >  180 days 0.60 (0.37–0.92) 1.20 (0.80–1.74) 0.92 (0.57–1.40) 0.73 (0.48–1.10)   
Medical factors
 Mental comorbidities other than CMD
  No comorbid mental disorder 1 1 1 1 273.2 (< 0.001) 0.037
  Behavioural/emotional/developmental disorders 1.61 (1.13–2.27) 1.03 (0.67–1.55) 2.79 (1.99–3.85) 4.48 (3.34–5.98)   
  Substance abuse disorders 1.28 (0.88–1.82) 0.86 (0.54–1.30) 1.25 (0.82–1.84) 1.08 (0.72–1.59)   
  Other affective/anxiety disorder 1.94 (1.14–3.16) 0.58 (0.22–1.24) 3.01 (1.80–4.88) 3.28 (1.96–5.34)   
  Other mental disorders 2.66 (1.01–6.31) 3.15 (1.20–7.43) 8.88 (4.30–18.18) 29.49 (16.46–55.26)   
 Somatic disorders
  No 1 1 1 1 58.2 (< 0.001) 0.008
  Yes 1.71 (1.40–2.11) 1.66 (1.33–2.09) 1.64 (1.29–2.10) 1.60 (1.27–2.04)   
  1. *Derived from the multinomial logistic regression. All analyses were mutually adjusted for all other variables
  2. **Difference in Nagelkerke R2 between full model (R2 = 0.17) including tested variable and model without tested variable
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