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Table 4 Factors predicting intention to use contraceptives later relative to being uncertain about future contraceptive use

From: Maternal grand multiparity and intention to use modern contraceptives in Nigeria

Characteristic predicting intention to use later Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
RRR 95% CI RRR 95% CI RRR 95% CI RRR 95% CI
Main explanatory variable:
Parity
 Primiparity ref  
 Multiparity 0.783* 0.710–0.863 0.788* 0.714–0.870 0.792* 0.716–0.877 0.790* 0.708–0.881
 Grand Multiparity 0.736* 0.666–0.814 0.762* 0.687–0.844 0.796* 0.707–0.893 0.862** 0.745–0.997
Proximate variables:
Previous Contraceptive Status
 Never used ref   
 Ever used    0.552* 0.502–0.608 0.493* 0.446–0.546 0.520* 0.470–0.576
Pregnancy Termination
 Never experienced ref   
 Ever experienced    1.238* 1.126–1.361 1.197* 1.087–1.317 1.205* 1.093–1.328
Fertility Planning Status
 Wanted ref   
 Mistimed    1.883* 1.635–2.167 1.809* 1.568–2.086 1.721* 1.489–1.989
 Unwanted    1.273** 1.036–1.563 1.206* 0.979–1.486 1.248** 1.012–1.540
Family Planning Mass Media Messages
 No exposure ref   
 Radio    1.339* 1.217–1.473 1.267* 1.151–1.395 1.355* 1.229–1.494
 Television    1.466* 1.325–1.621 1.261* 1.132–1.404 1.468* 1.313–1.642
 Newspaper    1.337* 1.176–1.520 1.173** 1.018–1.352 1.321* 1.143–1.527
Knowledge of Family Planning Method
 No method ref   
 Traditional    1.616** 1.189–2.197 1.636** 1.201–2.229 1.654** 1.213–2.256
 Modern    3.758** 3.340–4.229 3.154* 2.793–3.563 3.168* 2.803–3.581
Underlying variables:
Child Mortality
 Ever experienced ref     
 Never experienced      0.888** 0.818–0.963 0.907** 0.836–0.984
Type of Marriage
 Monogamy ref     
 Polygyny      1.012 0.932–1.098 1.048 0.964–1.139
Ideal Family Size
 1 ref     
 2      1.446 0.860–2.430 1.454 0.862–2.452
 3      1.636** 1.078–2.433 1.626** 1.068–2.474
 4      1.446 0.979–2.135 1.493** 1.009–2.211
 5+      1.308 0.894–1.912 1.316 0.899–1.927
Remarriage
 No ref     
 Yes      1.225* 1.112–1.372 1.253* 1.127–1.393
Fertility Desire
 Both want same ref     
 Husband want more      0.945 0.863–1.035 0.968 0.882–1.062
 Husband want fewer      0.902 0.767–1.062 0.910 0.772–1.073
 Uncertain      0.510* 0.466–0.558 0.510 0.465–0.559
Household Power Relations
 Male dominated ref     
 Not male dominated      1.151* 1.065–1.243 1.148** 1.061–1.243
Maternal Education
 None ref     
 Primary      1.708* 1.550–1.883 1.712* 1.540–1.903
 Secondary      1.649* 1.395–1.720 1.578* 1.404–1.773
 Higher      1.224* 1.044–1.435 1.269** 1.071–1.504
Background variables:
Place of Residence
 Urban ref       
 Rural        1.103** 1.018–1.195
Maternal age (years)
 15–24 ref       
 25–34        1.109 0.994–1.238
 35+        0.835** 0.726–0.960
Age at first birth (years)
 15–19 ref       
 20–24        1.013 0.930–1.105
 25+        0.916 0.870–1.040
Religion
 Christianity ref       
 Islam        0.628* 0.568–0.694
 Traditional/others        0.975 0.823–1.154
Geographical Region
 Northern ref       
 Southern        0.624 0.566–0.687
  1. Notes: ref. (reference category), *p < 0.001, **p < 0.05
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