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Table 3 Primary and secondary outcomes of HIV STAR-Zambia and HIV STAR-Malawi impact evaluations

From: The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community-based lay distribution of HIV self-tests in increasing uptake of HIV testing among adults in rural Malawi and rural and peri-urban Zambia: protocol for STAR (self-testing for Africa) cluster randomized evaluations

Outcome Trial Data source
Primary outcome – community HIVST distribution
 Tested for HIV within past 12 months Malawi, Zambia Self-report, endline household survey
Secondary outcomes – community HIVST distribution
 Ever tested for HIV Malawi, Zambia Self-report, endline household survey
 ART initiation 6 months and 12 months after distribution begins Malawi, Zambia Routine data extracted from clinic
 Current ART use Zambia Self-report, endline household survey
 Circumcision within past 12 months (men only) Zambia Self-report, endline household survey
Primary and secondary outcome – home-based distribution (Malawi only)
 Primary: Disclosure of a positive results to the CBDA during months 1 to 12 of intervention Malawi CBDA post-test log book
 Secondary: ART initiation between months 1 and 12 of the intervention Malawi Routine data extracted from clinic
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