Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics of survey population based on allergen avoided

From: Comparing the eating out experiences of consumers seeking to avoid different food allergens

Variable Gluten (n = 66)
n (%) or M (SD)
Nuts (n = 94)
n (%) or M (SD)
Milk (n = 72)
n (%) or M (SD)
Adult 56 (84.8) 40 (42.6) 39 (54.2)
Parent 10 (15.2) 54 (57.4) 33 (45.8)
Gender
 Adult/Parent
  Male 13 (19.7) 12 (12.8) 9 (12.5)
  Female 53 (80.3) 81 (86.2) 61 (84.7)
 Childa
  Male 4 (40.0) 32 (59.3) 19 (57.6)
  Female 6 (60.0) 21 (38.9) 14 (42.4)
Age (yrs)
  Adult/Parent 41.2 (11.9) 39.6 (9.7) 37.6 (10.5)
  Child 8.5 (3.8) 10.6 (4.2) 5.1 (3.8)
Food allergic 8 (12.1) 86 (91.5) 27 (37.5)
Food intolerant 58 (87.9) 8 (8.5) 45 (62.5)
Diagnosis
  Clinical diagnosis
  (by GP; Dietician or Allergy specialist at hospital)
47 (71.2) 84 (89.4) 44 (61.1)
  Self diagnosis 19 (28.8) 10 (10.6) 28 (38.9)
Severity of reaction (FA only)b
  Mild/Moderate 5 (62.5) 28 (32.6) 23 (85.2)
  Severe 3 (37.5) 58 (67.4) 4 (14.8)
Time since diagnosis (yrs)
   < 2 12 (18.2) 3 (3.2) 14 (19.2)
  2–4 20 (30.3) 23 (24.5) 24 (33.3)
  5–9 18 (27.3) 24 (25.5) 22 (30.6)
   ≥ 10 16 (24.2) 43 (45.7) 11 (15.3)
Treatment
  Avoidance 66 (100) 94 (100) 72 (100)
  Antihistamines 4 (6.4) 67 (71.3) 15 (20.8)
  Injectable adrenaline 1 (1.5) 66 (70.2) 2 (2.8)
  Inhaler 1 (1.5) 33 (35.1) 10 (13.9)
  Special diet 32 (48.5) 9 (9.6) 25 (34.7)
Support group membership 27 (40.9) 36 (38.3) 7 (9.7)
  1. aChild % calculation based on total parent participants per allergen group
  2. bSeverity % calculation based on total FA participants per allergen group
  3. Where % total < 100, there are missing values. Where % total > 100, participants could select multiple responses