Skip to main content

Table 4 Effect of the different stress dimensions on the longitudinal BMI z-score development in preschool children

From: Early maternal perceived stress and children’s BMI: longitudinal impact and influencing factors

  β estimatea 95% CI p-valueb QICc
Entire cohort (n = 491)
 Worries 0.14 0.01 – 0.27 0.039 2051.99
 Tension 0.19 0.07 – 0.31 0.003 2041.97
 Lack of Joy 0.15 0.04 – 0.27 0.009 2045.80
 Demands 0.19 0.05 – 0.33 0.006 2048.45
Girls only (n = 241)
 Worries 0.24 0.06 – 0.41 0.009 1005.93
 Tension 0.22 0.05 – 0.39 0.014 1013.26
 Lack of Joy 0.23 0.08 – 0.38 0.002 1003.31
 Demands 0.24 0.05 – 0.43 0.012 1012.31
Boys only (n = 250)
 Worries -0.01 -0.18 – 0.18 0.963 1056.08
 Tension 0.13 -0.03 – 0.29 0.108 1048.00
 Lack of Joy 0.06 -0.11 – 0.23 0.503 1054.36
 Demands 0.11 -0.08 – 0.31 0.247 1053.93
  1. aEstimates derived from general estimation equations (GEE) for BMI z-scores (birth to age 5) as dependent variable, adjusted for gestational week at delivery, mode of delivery, pregnancy cotinine levels and breastfeeding duration
  2. bBonferroni adjusted significance level, p ≤ 0.0125
  3. cQuasi- Akaike Information Criterion QIC for model selection