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Table 2 Main dietary habits and behaviours of the Intervention Group (IG) and the Control Group (CG) at t0 and t3

From: Effects of nutrition motivational intervention in patients affected by type 2 diabetes mellitus: a longitudinal study in Naples, South Italy

  IG CG
Questions t0 t3 χ2 (p) t0 t3 χ2 (p)
N. % N. % N. % N %
What do you use to sweeten food and drinks?
 White sugar 25 36.2 23 33.3 0.05 73 34.8 68 32.4 0.85
 Brown sugar 7 10.2 13 18.8 18 8.5 21 10.0
 Fructose 7 10.2 0 21 10.0 17 8.1
 Miele 0 2 2.9 3 1.4 5 2.4
 Sweeteners 13 18.8 12 17.4 41 19.6 48 22.8
 Nothing 17 24.6 19 27.6 54 25.7 51 24.3
Do you eat five meals a day?
 Yes 30 46.4 46 66.7 0.006 91 42.3 100 47.6 0.38
 No 39 53.6 23 33.3 119 57.7 110 52.4
Do you snack on fruit?
 Yes 16 23.2 32 46.4 0.004 71 33.8 78 37.1 0.48
 No 53 76.8 37 53.6 139 66.2 132 62.9
Do you regularly eat fish?
 Yes 50 72.4 63 91.3 0.004 188 89.5 191 90.9 0.62
 No 19 27.6 6 8.7 22 10.5 19 9.1
What do you usually order at a coffee shop?
 Bitter orangeade 26 37.8 17 24.6 0.02 71 33.8 75 35.7 0.95
 Freshly squeezed orange juice without sugar 29 42.0 41 59.4 115 54.8 112 53.3
 Ice lolly 0 4 5.8 18 8.6 16 7.7
 Ice cream cone 14 20.2 7 10.2 6 2.8 7 3.3