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Table 3 Health, coping, and social support. Total score and comparison of genders

From: Young adults at risk of early work disability: who are they?

  Total (N = 96) Men (n = 65) Women (n = 31) p-value
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Disability, 0–48 8.60 ± 7.54 7.56 ± 6.98 10.80 ± 8.29 .048
Psychological distress, 1–4 1.85 ± 0.55 1.74 ± 0.47 2.09 ± 0.63 .007
 Depression, 1–4 1.95 ± 0.64 1.84 ± 0.58 2.18 ± 0.73 .014
 Anxiety, 1–4 1.70 ± 0.49 1.58 ± 0.41 1.96 ± 0.55 .001
Fatigue, 0–33 13.43 ± 5.82 12.41 ± 5.28 15.64 ± 6.40 .011
 Physical, 0–21 8.68 ± 4.40 8.06 ± 4.22 10.01 ± 4.57 .045
 Psychological, 0–12 4.75 ± 2.22 4.34 ± 1.90 5.63 ± 2.62 .019
Subjective health complaints, 0–87 14.57 ± 9.54 12.02 ± 7.28 19.75 ± 11.45 .001
 Musculoskeletal, 0–24 4.16 ± 3.95 3.20 ± 3.21 6.12 ± 4.59 .003
 Pseudoneurology, 0–21 5.76 ± 3.93 4.99 ± 3.43 7.35 ± 4.46 .012
 Gastrointestinal, 0–21 2.40 ± 2.87 1.91 ± 2.07 3.37 ± 3.90 .059
Global well-being, 1–10
 Today 4.85 ± 1.79 4.79 ± 1.66 5.00 ± 2.07 .593
 Past (1 year) 4.00 ± 2.23 4.05 ± 2.05 3.90 ± 2.59 .767
 Future (1 year) 7.02 ± 2.13 6.93 ± 2.26 7.22 ± 1.85 .544
Social support
 Nondirective support, 1–5 3.87 ± 0.85 3.70 ± 0.87 4.23 ± 0.67 .004
 Directive support, 1–5 3.09 ± 0.95 3.10 ± 0.96 3.07 ± 0.94 .874
Coping
 Coping, 1–4 2.63 ± 0.72 2.77 ± 0.68 2.33 ± 0.71 .006
 Helplessness, 1–4 2.34 ± 0.69 2.33 ± 0.70 2.36 ± 0.70 .857
 Hopelessness, 1–4 2.28 ± 0.74 2.21 ± 0.69 2.44 ± 0.82 .176
  1. All values in boldface in the p-value column are statistically significant at the 0.05 or 0.01 level