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Table 1 Characteristics of junior middle school students as a group and stratified by health literacy level

From: The association between quality of life(QOL) and health literacy among junior middle school students: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics The score of health literacy X(SD) Pa-value Health literacy level N(%) Pb-value
low medium High
Sex, N(%)
 Male, 905 (51.0) 193.50 (28.54) 0.048 255 (28.2) 403 (44.5) 247 (27.3) 0.004
 Female, 869 (49.0) 194.64 (26.00)   198 (22.8) 453 (52.1) 218 (25.1)  
Grade, N(%)
 7th,564 (31.8) 195.70 (26.65) 0.021 139 (24.6) 257 (45.6) 168 (29.8) 0.045
 8th,611 (34.4) 195.09 (26.04)   143 (23.4) 313 (51.2) 155 (25.4)  
 9th,599 (33.8) 191.60 (29.04)   171 (28.5) 286 (47.7) 142 (23.7)  
Place of residence, N(%)
 Rural,878 (49.5) 190.40 (25.15) < 0.0001 272 (31.0) 441 (50.2) 165 (18.8) < 0.0001
 Urban,896 (50.5) 197.73 (28.86)   181 (20.2) 415 (46.3) 300 (33.5)  
Only child, N(%)
 Yes,853 (48.1) 194.69 (28.35) 0.383 210 (24.6) 399 (46.8) 244 (28.6) 0.088
 No,921 (51.9) 193.56 (26.34)   243 (26.4) 457 (49.6) 221 (24.0)  
Father’s education level, N(%)
 Low,1128 (63.6), 192.99 (26.65) 0.001 309 (27.4) 559 (49.6) 260 (23.0) < 0.0001
 Medium,471 (26.6) 193.99 (31.00)   117 (24.8) 214 (45.4) 140 (29.7)  
 High,175 (9.9) 201.60 (26.15)   27 (15.4) 73 (47.4) 65 (37.1)  
Mother education level, N(%)
 Low,1149 (64.8) 192.87 (25.32) 0.021 323 (28.1) 564 (49.1) 262 (22.8) < 0.0001
 Medium,484 (27.3) 195.75 (30.23)   111 (22.9) 225 (46.5) 148 (30.6)  
 High,141 (7.9) 198.51 (31.69)   19 (13.5) 67 (47.5) 55 (39.0)  
Economic status, N(%)
 Poor,249 (14.0) 190.04 (27.75) 0.010 85 (34.1) 110 (44.2) 54 (21.7) 0.002
 Medium,1260 (71.0) 194.23 (26.78)   314 (24.9) 620 (49.2) 326 (25.9)  
 Good,265 (14.9) 197.33 (29.08)   54 (20.4) 126 (47.5) 85 (32.1)  
Family relationship, N(%)
 Harmonious,1004 (56.6) 196.59 (28.47) 0.017 216 (21.5) 475 (47.3) 313 (31.2) < 0.0001
 Neutral,688 (38.8) 190.74 (24.85)   212 (30.8) 347 (50.4) 129 (18.8)  
 Poor,82 (4.6) 191.90 (29.81)   25 (30.5) 34 (41.5) 23 (28.0)  
Perception of school achievement, N(%)
 Fair,503 (28.4) 197.41 (28.83) < 0.0001 98 (19.5) 238 (47.3) 167 (33.2) < 0.0001
 Medium,560 (31.6) 196.43 (25.78)   123 (22.0) 279 (49.8) 158 (28.2)  
 Bad,711 (40.1) 189.94 (27.32)   232 (32.6) 339 (47.7) 140 (19.7)  
Total, 1774 (100.0) 194.11 (27.32)   453 (25.5) 856 (48.3) 465 (26.2)  
  1. Pa Health literacy as a continuous variable, Pa value was based on t-test or F test
  2. Pb Health literacy as a categorical variable, Pa value was based on chi-square test