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Table 3 Association between actual weight, self-perceived weight, body dissatisfaction, and mental health for girls

From: Body image as risk factor for emotional and behavioral problems among Chinese adolescents

Weight status OR (95% CI)  
  Emotional Conduct Hyperactivity Peer problems Prosocial Total difficulties
Model1: Actual weight
 Normal weight Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Underweight 1.73 (0.88–3.41) 1.18 (0.76–1.84) 0.78 (0.23–2.59) 1.35 (0.64–2.86) 1.86 (0.40–3.48) 0.84 (0.37–1.91)
 Overweight/obesity 1.28 (0.91–1.80) 0.22 (0.03–1.66) 0.96 (0.60–1.52) 1.59 (1.15–2.19)** 1.46 (0.90–2.38) 1.49 (1.09–2.04)*
Model 2: Perceived weight
 Perceived normal weight Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Perceived underweight 1.10 (0.73–1.65) 0.38 (0.19–0.79)* 0.86 (0.49–1.53) 1.30 (0.95–1.79) 1.28 (0.72–2.28) 0.72 (0.47–1.11)
 Perceived overweight 1.58 (1.15–2.18)** 1.49 (0.99–2.23) 1.28 (0.84–1.95) 0.96 (0.64–1.43) 1.37 (0.84–2.22) 1.74 (1.29–2.35)**
Model 3: Body satisfaction
 Satisfaction Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Neither 0.96 (0.61–1.51) 1.45 (0.74–2.83) 1.15 (0.62–2.12) 0.99 (0.67–1.46) 1.61 (0.86–3.02) 1.44 (0.92–2.24)
 Dissatisfaction 2.26 (1.52–3.35)** 3.25 (1.79–5.92)** 2.06 (1.19–3.56)* 1.12 (0.78–1.61) 1.79 (0.98–3.27) 2.78 (1.86–4.16)**
Model 4: Actual weight + perceived weight + body satisfaction weight
 Normal weight Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Underweight 2.04 (0.96–4.34) 0.53 (0.07–4.32) 1.02 (0.28–3.68) 1.52 (0.68–3.40) 1.08 (0.34–3.45) 1.27 (0.52–3.11)
 Overweigh/obesity 0.89 (0.60–1.34) 0.68 (0.41–1.15) 0.73 (0.43–1.26) 1.54 (1.03–2.29)* 1.33 (0.73–2.44) 0.97 (0.67–1.42)
 Perceived normal weight Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Perceived underweight 0.96 (0.61–1.52) 0.40 (0.18–0.90)* 0.84 (0.45–1.58) 0.90 (0.58–1.39) 1.26 (0.67–2.38) 0.72 (0.45–1.17)
 Perceived overweight 1.20 (0.81–1.76) 1.30 (0.80–2.12) 1.14 (0.69–1.89) 1.08 (0.72–1.61) 1.00 (0.55–1.83) 1.36 (0.94–1.96)
 Satisfaction Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
 Neither 0.95 (0.60–1.51) 1.33 (0.67–2.16) 1.14 (0.62–2.11) 0.93 (0.62–1.37) 1.61 (0.85–3.04) 1.33 (0.85–2.08)
 Dissatisfaction 2.18 (1.42–3.36)** 2.79 (1.46–5.30)** 2.04 (1.13–3.69)* 0.93 (0.62–1.40) 1.71 (0.89–3.29) 2.30 (1.48–3.56)**
  1. All of the models were controlled for age, parents’ education level, household income level, pubertal development stage, and parents smoking
  2. *p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01