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Table 2 Distribution of actual weight, self-perceived weight, and body satisfaction status in study participants

From: Body image as risk factor for emotional and behavioral problems among Chinese adolescents

Demographic factors Prevalence (%)
Actual weight Self-perceived weight Body satisfaction
Underweight Overweight/obesity Underweight Overweight Satisfaction Neither Dissatisfaction
Sex Male 3.6 30.4 28.6 28.5 35.7 36.4 27.9
Female 7.4 21.5 19.3 29.7 26.7 32.1 41.2
χ2(p) 26.9 (p < 0.001) 40.0 (p < 0.001) 45.3(p < 0.001) 0.7 (p > 0.05) 36.2 (p < 0.001) 7.7 (p < 0.05) 74.4 (p < 0.001)
Age < 13 4.3 28.9 22.3 29.2 34.9 32.9 32.2
13–14 5.7 25.6 24.5 29.0 29.7 35.5 34.8
> 14 7.1 22.2 25.4 28.9 28.8 33.7 37.5
χ2(p) 7.8 (p < 0.05) 11.7 (p < 0.05) 3.1 (p > 0.05) 0.02(p > 0.05) 12.8 (p < 0.05) 2.5 (p > 0.05) 6.2 (p < 0.05)
One child Yes 5.3 28.6 23.5 29.7 31.7 34.6 33.7
No 5.8 21.6 24.9 28.0 30.0 33.9 36.1
χ2(p) 0.4(p > 0.05) 22.6 (p < 0.001) 1.0 (p > 0.05) 1.8 (p > 0.05) 1.2 (p > 0.05) 0.2 (p > 0.05) 2.2 (p > 0.05)
Household income level Under moderate 7.4 27.0 27.4 31.1 28.6 29.7 41.7
Moderate 5.6 24.6 24.1 28.2 30.9 35.1 34.0
Over moderate 4.0 25.7 21.7 32.5 34.2 31.8 34.0
χ2(p) 4.0 (p > 0.05) 8.4 (p < 0.05) 3.1 (p > 0.05) 4.3 (p > 0.05) 3.0 (p > 0.05) 4.7(p > 0.05) 6.5(p < 0.05)
Parents smoking Yes 4.9 27.4 23.6 30.6 29.3 34.0 36.7
No 6.3 24.1 24.7 27.2 33.6 34.5 31.9
χ2(p) 3.7 (p > 0.05) 5.4 (p < 0.05) 0.7 (p > 0.05) 5.5 (p < 0.05) 8.2 (p < 0.05) 0.1 (p > 0.05) 9.6 (p < 0.05)
Pubertal development stage Early 3.70 30.5 17.8 35.4 26.7 35.1 38.2
On time 4.89 26.1 23.2 28.8 32.2 33.6 32.2
Late 10.9 20.5 34.0 23.4 31.7 36.2 34.2
χ2(p) 38.4 (p < 0.001) 15.7 (p < 0.001) 45.6(p < 0.001) 20.0(p < 0.001) 7.1 (p < 0.05) 1.6 (p > 0.05) 5.3 (p > 0.05)