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Table 1 Characteristics of the included studies

From: Integrated motivational interviewing and cognitive behaviour therapy for lifestyle mediators of overweight and obesity in community-dwelling adults: a systematic review and meta-analyses

Study Country Participants Number of participants, n (% male) Mean age at baseline (SD) Comparator Intervention Outcome measures
Bennett et al., 2007 [38] USA Physically underactive cancer survivors 56 (10%) 57.8 ± 9.9 Advice to maintain regular physical activity 4 × 20 min telephone calls Physical Activity: CHAMPS Physical Activity Questionnaire
Conn et al., 2003 [39] USA Females 190 (0%) 75.0 ± 6.7 Standard care emphasizing benefits of exercise. 1 group session plus 2 1:1 sessionsa Physical Activity: Baecke Physical Activity Scale
Greaves et al., 2008 [40] UK Community-dwelling adults 141 (42%) 51.9 (NS) Standardised information pack promoting diet and physical activity. 11 × 30 min 1:1 sessions Anthropometric: Measured waist circumference
Physical Activity: Modifiable Activity Questionnaire
Groeneveld et al., 2011 [41] Holland Male construction workers 816 (100%) 46.5 ± 9.0 Standard care, consisting of brief oral or written information from the occupational physician about their CVD risk 3 × 45 min 1:1 sessions plus 4 × 15 min telephone calls Anthropometric: Measured body massPhysical Activity: Short Questionnaire to Assess Health-Enhancing Physical Activity
Janssen et al., 2014 [42] Holland Former cardiac rehabilitation patients 210 (80%) 57.7 ± 9.2 1-h individual interview with a health psychologist. No motivational interviewing techniques were used 7 × 2 h group sessions plus 1 × 1:1 sessiona Anthropometric: Measured waist circumference
Physical Activity: Pedometers
Knittle et al., 2015 [43] Holland Patients with rheumatoid arthritis 78 (33%) 62.0 ± 11.7 A small group educational session around the importance of physical activity for people with rheumatoid arthritis 1 group sessiona plus 3 × 60 min 1:1 sessions and 3 × 20 min telephone calls Physical Activity: Short Questionnaire to Assess Health-Enhancing Physical Activity
Lakerveld et al., 2013 [32] Holland People at risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes 22 (41%) 43.5 ± 5.3 Received brochures containing health guidelines regarding physical activity 6 × 30 min 1:1 plus 3 × 30 min telephone calls Physical Activity: Short Questionnaire to Assess Health-Enhancing Physical Activity
Marques et al., 2017 [44] Portugal Chronic fatigue 91 (4%) 48.1 ± 10.9 Routine consultations with assistant physician and received a flyer with information about general physical activity 2 × 1:1 sessions plus 2 x telephone callsa Anthropometric: Measured waist circumference
Physical Activity: Short Questionnaire to Assess Health-Enhancing Physical Activity
Martens et al., 2012 [45] USA College students 70 (18%) 19.6 ± 2.3 Participants received informational packets about exercise 1 × 30 min 1:1 session: Physical Activity: 7-day recall self-reported physical activity
Murphy et al., 2013 [46] Australia Patients with cardiovascular disease 275 (86%) 59.0 ± 9.1 Usual medical care 8 × 90 min 1:1 sessions Physical Activity: 8-item Active Australia Survey
  1. CHAMPS Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors, NS Not stated, UK United Kingdom, USA United States of America
  2. aIntervention duration not stated