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Table 5 Factors associated with injuries

From: Prevalence and predictors of injuries in Kenya: findings from the national STEPs survey

Predictor Road traffic injuries Accidental injury Violent incident
OR (95% CI) P > z OR (95% CI) P > z OR (95% CI) P > z
Sex
 Female 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Male 3.87 (2.24, 6.68) 0.000 1.24 (0.96, 1.61) 0.096 1.17 (0.76, 1.79) 0.485
Residence
 Rural 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Urban 1.20 (0.77, 1.86) 0.425 0.89 (0.67, 1.17) 0.392 1.14 (0.75, 1.74) 0.551
Age group
 50–69 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 18–29 2.96 (1.48, 5.90) 0.002 0.82 (0.59, 1.13) 0.228 1.03 (0.59, 1.81) 0.919
 30–39 1.65 (0.80, 3.41) 0.174 0.89 (0.65, 1.23) 0.482 1.76 (1.04, 2.99) 0.035
 40–49 2.77 (1.38, 5.55) 0.004 0.96 (0.68, 1.35) 0.806 1.32 (0.73, 2.37) 0.361
BMI
 Normal 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Underweight 0.82 (0.45, 1.52) 0.536 1.57 (1.18, 2.09) 0.002 1.45 (0.94, 2.23) 0.090
 Overweight 0.93 (0.55, 1.60) 0.804 1.18 (0.89, 1.56) 0.260 0.78 (0.47, 1.31) 0.354
 Obese 1.78 (0.95, 3.34) 0.073 1.03 (0.68, 1.55) 0.905 0.28 (0.09, 0.89) 0.031
Episodic alcohol drinking
 No alcohol 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Binge 1.15 (0.73, 1.80) 0.547 1.27 (0.95, 1.70) 0.105 2.34 (1.57, 3.49) 0.000
 Non-heavy 0.55 (0.22, 1.39) 0.208 0.70 (0.42, 1.17) 0.172 0.88 (0.41, 1.88) 0.736
Education level
 No formal education 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Primary education 2.29 (0.83, 6.32) 0.110 2.52 (1.69, 3.77) 0.000 1.13 (0.65, 1.97) 0.662
 Secondary and above 1.78 (0.62, 5.10) 0.285 2.57 (1.65, 4.01) 0.000 0.53 (0.27, 1.03) 0.063
Occupation
 Unemployed 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Employed 1.18 (0.64, 2.18) 0.597 1.08 (0.78, 1.49) 0.641 1.05 (0.65, 1.70) 0.833
 Student 0.63 (0.19, 2.12) 0.456 2.00 (1.24, 3.22) 0.005 1.51 (0.67, 3.43) 0.319
 Homemaker 1.52 (0.68, 3.38) 0.306 0.92 (0.62, 1.36) 0.671 0.70 (0.37, 1.32) 0.273
Wealth Quintile
 Poorest 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Second 0.88 (0.41, 1.91) 0.753 0.68 (0.5, 0.92) 0.014 1.37 (0.84, 2.22) 0.205
 Middle 2.76 (1.40, 5.45) 0.003 0.82 (0.60, 1.13) 0.228 1.01 (0.58, 1.74) 0.977
 Fourth 1.68 (0.80, 3.53) 0.170 0.43 (0.29, 0.63) 0.000 1.00 (0.55, 1.83) 0.999
 Richest 1.04 (0.44, 2.44) 0.930 0.32 (0.20, 0.50) 0.000 0.55 (0.26, 1.15) 0.114
Marital status
 Not married 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Married 2.09 (1.18, 3.69) 0.011 1.13 (0.82, 1.55) 0.459 0.8 (0.51, 1.27) 0.350
 Formerly married 2.68 (1.29, 5.57) 0.008 1.62 (1.08, 2.44) 0.020 0.93 (0.51, 1.69) 0.811
Smoke
 No 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Yes 2.08 (1.31, 3.32) 0.002 1.17 (0.84, 1.61) 0.348 1.73 (1.14, 2.63) 0.011
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