Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Covariates associated with current tobacco use in Kenya

From: Tobacco use and its determinants in the 2015 Kenya WHO STEPS survey

Current tobacco use Crude Odds Ratioa Adjusted Odds Ratioa
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex
 Female 1.00   1.00  
 Male 7.11 (5.65, 8.93) 0.000 7.63 (5.63, 10.33) < 0.001
Age group
 18–29 1.00   1.00  
 30–39 1.65 (1.32, 2.06) 0.000 1.33 (0.91, 1.94) 0.137
 40–49 1.78 (1.39, 2.28) 0.000 1.13 (0.74, 1.72) 0.585
 50–59 2.06 (1.55, 2.72) 0.000 1.76 (1.14, 2.74) 0.011
 60–69 2.55 (1.81, 3.58) 0.000 0.81 (0.45, 1.46) 0.481
Education level
 No formal education 1.00   1.00  
 Primary complete 0.74 (0.59, 0.94) 0.015 0.29 (0.20, 0.43) < 0.001
 Secondary and above 0.40 (0.31, 0.52) 0.000 0.11 (0.07, 0.17) < 0.001
Residence
 Urban 1.00   1.00  
 Rural 1.00 (0.84, 1.19) 0.971 0.65 (0.49, 0.86) 0.003
Occupation
 Unemployed 1.00   1.00  
 Employed 1.22 (1.02, 1.46) 0.029 0.67 (0.52, 0.85) 0.001
Ever used alcohol
 No 1.00   1.00  
 Yes 6.17 (5.03, 7.58) 0.000 3.36 (2.52, 4.48) < 0.001
Episodic alcohol drinking
 No alcohol 1.00   1.00  
 Binge drinking 8.75 (7.18, 10.65) 0.000 1.36 (0.56, 3.34) 0.499
 Non-heavy drinking 2.82 (1.97, 4.04) 0.000 0.28 (0.03, 2.38) 0.246
Wealth band
 Poorest 1.00   1.00  
 Second 0.68 (0.53, 0.88) 0.003 0.68 (0.45, 1.04) 0.072
 Middle 0.71 (0.54, 0.92) 0.010 0.58 (0.37, 0.91) 0.019
 Fourth 0.65 (0.50, 0.86) 0.002 0.61 (0.38, 0.97) 0.037
 Richest 0.51 (0.39, 0.66) 0.000 0.63 (0.38, 1.06) 0.082
Marital status
 Not married 1.00   1.00  
 Married 0.92 (0.75, 1.14) 0.469 0.69 (0.51, 0.93) 0.015
 Formerly married 2.17 (1.65, 2.85) 0.000 2.10 (1.41, 3.11) < 0.001
  1. Key: aAll sociodemographic variables (except occupation) were included in final regression models if found to be statistically significant. This was true except for occupation given the original coding of the variable in the survey that was not felt to be meaningful for our study. The variable sex was maintained in the three models, even though it was only found to have a statistically significant relationship with daily tobacco use given the hypothesized importance of the role of sex on tobacco use