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Table 1 Breakdown by sociodemographic status across current and former tobacco usage

From: Tobacco use and its determinants in the 2015 Kenya WHO STEPS survey

Characteristic Ever used tobacco Currently smoke tobacco Currently use smokeless tobacco Ever used electronic cigarette Former smoker Currently using tobacco Former tobacco users Daily use tobacco
Yes (n, (%)) Yes (n, (%)) Yes (n, (%)) Yes (n, (%)) Yes (n, (%)) Yes (n, (%)) Yes (n, (%)) Yes (n, (%))
Sex
 Male 812 (37.1) 435 (19.9) 88 (4.0) 6 (0.3) 290 (16.3) 507 (23.2) 301 (13.8) 406 (18.6)
 Female 145 (6.3) 21 (0.9) 75 (3.3) 1 (0.1) 39 (1.7) 93 (4.1) 52 (2.3) 71 (3.1)
Age groups
 18–29 284 (13.8) 152 (7.4) 56 (2.7) 2 (0.1) 74 (3.8) 200 (9.7) 84 (4.1) 139 (6.7)
 30–39 245 (23.4) 132 (12.6) 31 (3.0) 4 (0.4) 77 (8.3) 156 (14.9) 86 (8.3) 119 (11.4)
 40–49 200 (28.8) 89 (12.8) 26 (3.7) 0 (0.0) 87 (14.1) 112 (16.2) 88 (12.6) 100 (14.4)
 50–59 137 (30.8) 51 (11.6) 29 (6.6) 1 (0.1) 53 (13.4) 80 (18.1) 56 (12.6) 75 (16.9)
 60–69 91 (38.1) 33 (13.7) 21 (8.9) 0 (0.0) 37 (17.8) 52 (21.7) 39 (16.5) 44 (18.4)
Education level
 No formal education 139 (24.7) 33 (5.8) 86 (15.4) 0 (0.0) 21 (3.9) 113 (20.1) 26 (4.6) 91 (16.2)
 Primary education 501 (24.5) 282 (13.8) 48 (2.3) 2 (0.1) 167 (9.3) 321 (15.7) 180 (8.8) 266 (13.0)
 Secondary and above 316 (16.9) 142 (7.6) 29 (1.5) 6 (0.3) 140 (7.9) 171 (9.1) 147 (7.8) 119 (6.3)
Residence
 Rural 598 (21.5) 256 (9.2) 130 (4.7) 3 (0.1) 208 (8.1) 373 (13.4) 223 (8.0) 306 (11.0)
 Urban 359 (21.0) 201 (11.8) 32 (1.9) 5 (0.3) 121 (7.9) 228 (13.3) 130 (7.6) 171 (10.0)
Occupation
 Unemployed 288 (16.0) 125 (6.9) 94 (5.2) 2 (0.1) 62 (3.7) 216 (12.0) 72 (4.0) 176 (9.9)
 Employed 669 (24.9) 332 (12.4) 69 (2.6) 6 (0.2) 266 (11.1) 389 (14.5) 281 (10.5) 300 (11.1)
Ever consumed alcohol
 No 181 (7.1) 73 (2.9) 58 (2.3) 0 (0.0) 45 (1.8) 128 (5.0) 53 (2.1) 108 (4.2)
 Yes 775 (40.1) 383 (19.8) 105 (5.4) 7 (0.4) 284 (18.0) 473 (24.4) 298 (15.4) 369 (19.1)
Wealth band
 Poorest 198 (23.3) 75 (8.9) 84 (9.9) 1 (0.1) 39 (4.9) 155 (18.3) 42 (5.0) 123 (14.5)
 Second 200 (21.4) 97 (10.4) 31 (3.3) 0 (0.0) 71 (8.4) 124 (13.3) 76 (8.1) 107 (11.5)
 Middle 186 (22.7) 95 (11.6) 19 (2.3) 2 (0.2) 68 (9.3) 112 (13.7) 74 (9.1) 94 (11.4)
 Fourth 201 (24.2) 101 (12.1) 8 (0.9) 1 (0.1) 87 (11.7) 106 (12.8) 95 (11.4) 89 (10.7)
 Richest 171 (16.3) 88 (8.4) 21 (2.0) 3 (0.3) 63 (6.5) 108 (10.3) 65 (6.2) 64 (6.1)
Marital status
 Not married 201 (19.3) 119 (11.4) 20 (1.9) 3 (0.3) 64 (6.8) 133 (12.8) 68 (6.6) 96 (9.2)
 Married 594 (20.2) 257 (8.8) 97 (3.3) 4 (0.2) 226 (8.3) 350 (11.9) 244 (8.3) 295 (10.0)
 Formerly married 161 (31.9) 80 (15.9) 45 (8.9) 0 (0) 38 (8.8) 122 (24.1) 40 (8) 86 (17.0)
Totala 956 (21.3) 456 (10.2) 163 (3.6) 7 (0.2) 328 (8) 605 (13.5) 353 (7.9) 477 (10.6)
  1. Key: aSummation by column within a characteristic may not equal the total due to weighting done on the data and rounding off to whole numbers