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Table 2 Breakdown of heavy alcohol use by sociodemographic characteristics in Kenya

From: Prevalence and determinants of heavy episodic drinking among adults in Kenya: analysis of the STEPwise survey, 2015

Characteristics Consumed alcohol in the past 30 days (n, %) N = 665 Consumed alcohol in the past 12 months (n, %) N = 877 Average number of drinks per sitting (mean, 95% CI) N = 662 Average number of “binge” days (mean, 95% CI) N = 646 Presence of “heavy episodic drinking” (n, %) N = 384
Age
 18–29 156 (35.4) 240 (40.7) 9 (7,11) 3 (2,4) 83 (35.2)
 30–39 215 (28.4) 283 (261) 11 (9,13) 5 (4,7) 125 (28.6)
 40–49 138 (19.6) 166 (18.0) 9 (7,11) 5 (3,8) 90 (21.0)
 50–59 88 (10.3) 103 (9.4) 8 (6,10) 4 (2,6) 46 (8.7)
 60–69 68 (6.3) 85 (5.8) 13 (5,20) 4 (2,7) 40 (6.4)
Sex
 Men 536 (85.4) 667 (79.3) 10 (9,11) 5 (4,6) 325 (88.5)
 Women 129 (14.6) 210 (20.7) 8 (5,11) 2 (1,2) 59 (11.5)
Education level
 No Education 73 (8.5) 92 (8.3) 11 (5,17) 3 (2,4) 44 (8.3)
 Primary 300 (43.3) 390 (42.6) 9 (7,12) 4 (3,5) 166 (38.2)
 Secondary 172 (28.5) 221 (28.3) 10 (8,12) 5 (4,7) 106 (32.9)
 Tertiary 120 (19.7) 174 (20.8) 9 (7,11) 3 (2,5) 68 (20.6)
Marital status
 Currently married/Cohabiting 433 (63.8) 554 (61.1) 9 (8,11) 5 (4,6) 242 (60.4)
 Never married 118 (21.2) 175 (25.0) 11 (10,13) 3 (2,5) 75 (25.0)
 Formerly married/widowed 114 (15.0) 148 (14.0) 10 (7,13) 4 (3,5) 67 (14.6)
Occupation
 Government employee 76 (13.2) 94 (12.2) 9 (7, 11) 5 (3,7) 47 (14.5)
 Non-government employee 106 (19.0) 144 (18.6) 10 (8, 12) 4 (2,5) 67 (19.3)
 Self-employed 311 (43.0) 388 (39.9) 8 (7, 9) 4 (3,6) 160 (37.7)
 Non-paid/volunteer 2 (0.3) 5 (0.5) 7 (7, 8) 0 (0,1) 2 (0.5)
 Student 21 (5.5) 34 (7.0) 8 (5, 11) 2 (1,3) 10 (5.9)
 Homemaker 54 (6.0) 88 (9.5) 10 (5, 14) 2 (1,3) 31 (5.8)
 Retired 17 (1.9) 18 (1.5) 20 (8, 32) 8 (1,15) 15 (2.8)
 Unemployed able to work 75 (10.6) 97 (10.0) 16 (11, 20) 6 (3, 9) 50 (13.0)
 Unemployed unable to work 3 (0.4) 9 (0.8) 9 (4, 14) 0 (0, 1) 2 (0.5)
Wealth quintile
 1 Poorest 127 (17.4) 157 (16.5) 13 (8, 18) 3 (2,5) 66 (15.3)
 2 Second 137 (18.5) 176 (18.7) 10 (8,12) 6 (4,9) 73 (16.8)
 3 Middle 122 (17.0) 153 (16.5) 8 (7,10) 3 (2,4) 73 (15.8)
 4 Fourth 123 (18.9) 170 (17.8) 8 (6,10) 4 (2, 6) 76 (18.2)
 5 Richest 156 (28.2) 221 (30.5) 10 (9,11) 4 (2,6) 96 (33.8)
Residence
 Rural 311 (54.3) 405 (53.2) 10 (8,12) 4 (3,5) 179 (52.0)
 Urban 354 (45.7) 472 (46.8) 9 (8,10) 4 (3,6) 205 (48.0)
Currently smoking
 Yes 217 (30.7) 251 (28.0) 12 (10,14) 7 (5,9) 150 (34.4)
 No 448 (69.3) 624 (71.9) 9 (7,10) 3 (2,4) 234 (65.6)
  1. *Weighted % or mean representing population level