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Table 1 Characteristics and patterns of alcohol use in Kenya

From: Prevalence and determinants of heavy episodic drinking among adults in Kenya: analysis of the STEPwise survey, 2015

  Male Female Total Number (nb, %a)
Ever consumed alcohol/Ever user
 Yes 936 (58.5) 456 (19.7) 1392 (38.6)
 No 738 (41.5) 2073 (80.3) 2811 (61.4)
Heavy Episodic Drinking
 Yes 325 (20.6) 59 (2.5) 384 (12.6)
 No 1349 (79.4) 2471 (97.5) 3820 (88.6)
Period of alcohol consumption among ever consumers
 Within past 7 days 451 (27.3) 105 (4.6) 556 (40.4)
 Within past 30 days 536 (81.9) 129 (53.7) 665 (47.8)
 Within past 12 months 667 (69.9) 210 (51.4) 877 (63.0)
Mean consumption of one or more standard drink among current drinkers (95% CI) a
 Monday 1.1 (0.8, 1.3) 0.7 (0.3, 1.1) 1.0 (0.7, 1.3)
 Tuesday 0.8 (0.6, 1.0) 0.6 (0.3, 0.9) 0.7 (0.6, 0.9)
 Wednesday 1.0 (0.8, 1.3) 0.8 (0.2, 1.4) 1.0 (0.7, 1.2)
 Thursday 1.0 (0.7, 1.2) 0.6 (0.2, 1.0) 0.9 (0.7, 1.2)
 Friday 4.7 (3.4, 5.9) 2.8 (0.0, 5.6) 4.4 (3.1, 5.7)
 Saturday 5.8 (4.5, 7.1) 2.4 (0.4, 4.4) 5.3 (4.0, 6.5)
 Sunday 1.2 (1.0, 1.4) 1.1 (0.7, 1.6) 1.2 (1.0, 1.4)
Types of unrecorded alcohol consumed
 Home-brewed spirits 110 (54.8) 20 (59.1) 130 (55.4)
 Home-brewed beer or wine 106 (60.1) 31 (80.9) 137 (62.8)
 Alcohol not intended for drinking 3 (1.9) 0 3 (100)
 Other untaxed alcohol 2 (0.2) 1 (2.2) 3 (0.5)
 (Self) imported alcohol 0 1 (4.1) 1 (0.5)
Former drinkers stopped drinking due to health reasons
 Yes 53 (22.2) 18 (5.3) 71 (16.0)
 No 217 (77.8) 229 (94.7) 446 (84.0)
 Total 1674 (39.8) 2529 (60.2) 4204
  1. aWeighted % or mean representing population level
  2. bExcept for first row, n is total number of participants who had ever consumed alcohol, which is 1392. However, the total may be less for individual variables, due to missing data for some questions
  3. Alcoholic drink that is homebrewed alcohol (excluding changaa, busaa or muratina) or any alcohol not intended for drinking in the past 12 months