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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics, screening awareness and behaviors by unscreened and screened

From: Predictors of cervical cancer screening among Kenyan women: results of a nested case-control study in a nationally representative survey

Characteristic Cervical Cancer Screened  
Unscreened (%) Screened (%) Total (%) Uncorrected Pearson Chi2
Age groups
 30–34 334 (82.8) 69 (17.2) 403 (34.2) chi2(3) = 15.26,
p-value = 0.025
 35–39 312 (88.6) 40 (11.4) 352 (29.8)
 40–44 195 (76.9) 59 (23.1) 253 (21.4)
 45–49 146 (85.0) 26 (15.0) 171 (14.5)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Marital status
 Not married 68 (82.1) 15 (17.9) 83 (7.0) chi2(2) = 0.96,
p = 0.753
 Married 761 (84.2) 143 (15.8) 903 (76.5)
 Formerly married 157 (81.5) 36 (18.5) 193 (16.4)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Education level
 No formal education 185 (96.8) 6 (3.2) 192 (16.3) chi2(2) = 44.11,
p < .000
 Primary incomplete 273 (86.1) 44 (13.9) 317 (26.9)
 Primary complete 267 (82.8) 56 (17.2) 323 (27.4)
 Secondary and above 261 (74.8) 88 (25.2) 349 (29.6)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Occupation
 Unemployed 76 (87.4) 11 (12.6) 87 (7.4) chi2(5) = 24.78,
p = 0.006
 Employed 111 (72.9) 41 (27.1) 152 (12.9)
 Homemaker 420 (88.5) 55 (11.5) 475 (40.3)
 Non-paid/volunteer 1 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)
 Self-employed 378 (81.4) 86 (18.6) 464 (39.3)
 Student 0 (25.0) 0 (75.0) 0 (0.0)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Wealth band
 Poorest 257 (96.4) 9 (3.6) 266 (22.5) chi2(4) = 75.3041,
p < 0.000
 Second 260 (89) 32 (11) 292 (24.7)
 Middle 198 (80.3) 49 (19.7) 247 (20.9)
 Fourth 137 (74.7) 46 (25.4) 183 (15.5)
 Richest 135 (70.4) 57 (29.6) 192 (16.3)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Residence
 Rural 729 (86.2) 117 (13.8) 845 (71.6) chi2(1) = 14.78,
p = 0.006
 Urban 258 (77.0) 77 (23.0) 335 (28.4)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Awareness of cervical cancer screening
 No 573 (99.2) 5 (0.8) 578 (49.6) chi2(1) = 206.71,
p < 0.000
 Yes 399 (67.9) 189 (32.1) 588 (50.4)
Total 972 (83.4) 194 (16.6) 1166 (100)
Current tobacco use
 No 948 (83.3) 190 (16.7) 1138 (96.4) chi2(1) = 2.60,
p = 0.103
 Yes 39 (92.6) 3 (7.4) 42 (3.6)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Episodic alcohol drinking
 No alcohol 952 (84.4) 176 (15.6) 1128 (95.8) chi2(2) = 12.16,
p = 0.134
 Binge drinking 18 (66.1) 9 (33.9) 28 (2.4)
 Non-heavy drinking 16 (66.0) 8 (34.0) 24 (2)
Total 984 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1178 (100)
Inadequate fruits and vegetables
 No 691 (80.8) 164 (19.2) 855 (72.5) chi2(1) = 17.28,
p = 0.001
 Yes 296 (90.9) 30 (9.1) 325 (27.5)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Excess sugar
 No 168 (90.7) 17 (9.3) 186 (15.8) chi2(1) = 8.10,
p = 0.024
 Yes 818 (82.3) 176 (17.7) 994 (84.2)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Actual intake of salt
 Low salt (7 and below 823 (83.2) 167 (16.9) 990 (83.9) chi2(1) = 0.08,
p = 0.840
 High (above 7) 163 (85.9) 27 (14.1) 190 (16.1)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Physical activity
 Sufficient 932 (84.4) 173 (15.7) 1105 (93.6) chi2(1) = 7.15,
p = 0.020
 Insufficient 55 (72.6) 21 (27.5) 75 (6.4)
Total 986 (83.6) 194 (16.4) 1180 (100)
Diabetic
 No 900 (83.7) 175 (16.3) 1075 (97.1) chi2(1) = 1.60,
p = 0.332
 Yes 24 (75.3) 8 (24.7) 32 (2.9)
Total 924 (83.5) 183 (16.5) 1107 (100)
Hypertensive
 No 296 (86.3) 47 (13.7) 342 (29.4) chi2(1) = 2.24,
p = 0.233
 Yes 680 (82.8) 141 (17.2) 822 (70.6)
Total 976 (83.8) 188 (16.2) 1164 (100)
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