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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics by gender

From: Prevalence and factors associated with pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus in Kenya: results from a national survey

Indicator Total % Female % Male % p-value
Age groups (Years)
 18–29 46.1 47.2 44.9 0.736
 30–44 32.7 32.0 33.4  
 45–59 15.9 15.6 16.3  
 60–69 5.3 5.3 5.4  
Education level
 No Schooling 12.5 18.2 6.5 < 0.001
 Primary incomplete 23.3 23.5 23.0  
 Primary complete 32.4 33.9 30.7  
 Secondary+ 31.9 24.4 39.7  
Residence
 Rural 61.0 64.4 57.4 0.021
 Urban 39.0 35.6 42.6  
Occupation
 Employed 21.0 11.6 30.9 < 0.001
 Self-employed 38.9 34.5 43.5  
 Unemployed 40.0 53.8 25.6  
Marital status
 Not in union 33.9 31.0 36.8 0.033
 In uniona 66.1 69.0 63.2  
Wealth status
 Poorest 19.2 21.8 16.5 0.015
 Second 21.0 21.8 20.2  
 Middle 17.7 18.6 16.9  
 Fourth 18.4 16.4 20.5  
 Richest 23.7 21.5 25.9  
Total (N) 4069 2462 1607  
  1. aincludes not married but living together
  2. italicized p-values are significant