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Table 5 Results from a multivariable logistic regression on determinants of hypertension awareness among hypertensive respondents, overall and by Sex

From: Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension and their determinants: results from a national survey in Kenya

Indicator Both Male Female
Adjusted OR P-value Adjusted OR P-value Adjusted OR P-value
Age years (Ref: [18,19,20,21,22,23,24]) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 25–29 1.68 [0.55,5.12] < 0.05 2.61 [0.28,24.21] < 0.001 1.93 [0.59,6.34] 0.357
 30–34 1.21 [0.36,4.10]   6.73 [1.03,44.16]   0.66 [0.17,2.57]  
 35–39 1.55 [0.52,4.64]   8.07 [0.93,69.73]   0.91 [0.25,3.35]  
 40–44 1.25 [0.45,3.52]   0.63 [0.10,3.95]   1.68 [0.52,5.43]  
 45–49 2.16 [0.78,5.96]   4.51 [0.35,58.83]   1.92 [0.57,6.52]  
 50–59 2.80 [0.94,8.27]   21.87 [3.89,122.92]   1.36 [0.40,4.63]  
 60–69 3.75 [1.38,10.23]   35.55 [5.97,211.80]   1.62 [0.53,4.98]  
Self-reported fat intake (Ref: Good) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 High 0.91 [0.59,1.40] 0.666 1.38 [0.57,3.36] 0.475 0.75 [0.45,1.23] 0.251
High salt consumption (Ref: No) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Yes 0.83 [0.52,1.32] 0.431 1.00 [0.36,2.80] 0.994 0.80 [0.45,1.44] 0.457
Body mass index (Ref: Normal) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Underweight 1.31 [0.60,2.86] 0.163 1.72 [0.62,4.77] 0.646 0.85 [0.30,2.41] 0.272
 Overweight 1.53 [0.87,2.70]   1.10 [0.39,3.09]   1.74 [0.91,3.32]  
 Obese 2.07 [1.08,3.94]   1.86 [0.28,12.32]   1.96 [0.89,4.29]  
Harmful use of alcohol (Ref: No) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Yes 1.86 [0.75,4.61] 0.176 2.22 [0.90,5.50] 0.084 0.61 [0.15,2.39] 0.473
Insufficient physical activity (Ref: No) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Yes 1.72 [0.82,3.60] 0.148 2.38 [0.77,7.38] 0.131 1.50 [0.68,3.31] 0.317
Current tobacco use (Ref: No) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Yes 0.93 [0.33,2.58] 0.886 0.64 [0.19,2.11] 0.462 1.80 [0.39,8.20] 0.448
Sex (Ref: Female) 1.00      
 Male 0.35 [0.22,0.56] < 0.001     
N 1226 484 742
  1. The models adjusted for place of residence, education status, marital status, province and wealth status; italicized estimates are significant; *this is the overall p-value for the association between the dependent and independent variables.