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Table 3 Age-standardized hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control by residence, socio economic status and gender

From: Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension and their determinants: results from a national survey in Kenya

Indicator Hypertension Awarenessa Treatmentb Controlledc
% [95%CI] % [95%CI] % [95%CI] % [95%CI]
National 24.5 [22.6:26.5] 15.5 [12.2:18.7] 26.9 [17.3:36.4] 51.7 [33.5:69.9]
Residence
 Rural 24.7 [22.3:27.2] 12.3 [8.8:15.8] 32.9 [14.2:51.6] 50.2 [29.1:71.3]
 Urban 24.9 [21.7:28.1] 20.9 [15.2:26.6] 22.1 [15.8:28.3] 54.6 [37.3:71.9]
Wealth status
 1 - Poorest 19.4 [15.4:23.4] 12.1 [5.6:18.6] 18.4 [4.1:32.8] 81.7 [66.3:97.0]
 2 24.3 [20.8:27.9] 15.6 [8.8:22.3] 30.7 [10.7:50.8] 18.4 [12.7:24.1]
 3 27.5 [23.1:31.8] 10.8 [6.8:14.8] 17.8 [11.8:23.7] 7.1 [0.5:13.7]
 4 24.7 [20.5:28.9] 13.6 [8.8:18.3] 31.5 [15.2:47.9] 61.4 [49.9:73.0]
 5 - Richest 29.0 [24.6:33.5] 24.8 [16.0:33.6] 19.9 [13.1:26.7] 40.2 [25.6:54.8]
Sex
 Female 24.2 [22.0:26.4] 22.7 [17.4:28.1] 28.2 [17.2:39.2] 54.2 [33.9:74.4]
 Male 25.0 [22.3:27.7] 9.1 [5.4:12.7] 23.6 [8.1:39.2] 62.3 [55.1:69.5]
Body mass index
 Normal 22.0 [20.1:23.9] 10.8 [6.9:14.7] 20.6 [13.9:27.3] 65.1 [57.6:72.7]
 Underweight 17.0 [12.3:21.8] 12.7 [4.9:20.4] 66.3 [63.5:69.2] 97.4 [93.4:101.3]
 Overweight 30.7 [26.2:35.3] 23.0 [14.1:31.8] 28.6 [12.0:45.1] 37.1 [25.2:48.9]
 Obese 42.2 [32.1:52.4] 25.6 [15.2:36.0] 22.0 [11.7:32.4] 18.9 [9.7:28.2]
Harmful use of alcohol
 No 23.6 [21.5:25.8] 15.3 [12.0:18.6] 30.0 [19.0:41.0] 53.6 [35.1:72.1]
 Yes 29.2 [23.8:34.5] 15.8 [6.7:24.9] 10.5 [2.5:18.4] 2.5 [−0.8:5.9]
Current tobacco use
 No 24.9 [22.9:26.9] 15.7 [12.4:19.1] 30.9 [18.6:43.2] 50.5 [32.4:68.6]
 Yes 24.2 [18.0:30.5] 15.6 [5.2:26.1] 11.9 [5.4:18.4] 16.9 [13.4:20.3]
N 4433 1270 270 136
  1. aAmong participants with hypertension
  2. bAmong participants aware of their hypertension diagnosis
  3. cAmong participants receiving treatment for their hypertension