Skip to main content

Table 1 Participants’ background characteristics by sex

From: Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension and their determinants: results from a national survey in Kenya

Indicator Both Female Male P value
Age years
 18_24 25.4 25.2 25.5 0.211
 25_29 20.6 22.0 19.1  
 30_34 12.1 12.7 11.5  
 35_39 11.2 11.1 11.3  
 40_44 9.4 8.0 10.8  
 45_49 6.1 5.4 6.9  
 50_59 9.9 10.2 9.5  
 60_69 5.3 5.3 5.3  
Residence
 Rural 61.3 64.7 57.8 0.013
 Urban 38.7 35.3 42.2  
Wealth status
 Poorest 18.9 21.3 16.4 0.034
 Second 20.9 21.8 20.0  
 Middle 18.3 18.7 17.8  
 Fourth 18.6 16.5 20.7  
 Richest 23.4 21.7 25.1  
Education level
 No Schooling 12.6 18.1 6.7 0.000
 Primary incomplete 23.3 23.5 23.0  
 Primary complete 32.7 34.1 31.3  
 Secondary+ 31.4 24.3 39.0  
Marital status
 Not in union 34.5 31.9 37.2 0.029
 In union 65.5 68.1 62.8  
Province
 Nairobi & Central 28.7 27.7 29.8 0.878
 Coast & N Eastern 14.5 15.0 14.0  
 Eastern 13.7 14.2 13.1  
 Nyanza & Western 22.9 22.6 23.1  
 Rift valley 20.2 20.4 20.1  
N 4485 2694 1791