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Table 2 Indirect costs of heart failure in Poland, 2012–2015

From: Indirect costs and public finance consequences of heart failure in Poland, 2012–2015

  Absenteeism of the sick Presenteeism of the sick Caregivers’ absenteeism Premature mortality Disability Total
2012 Total cost (€) 28,772,687 193,613,105 157,145 552,882,342 96,466,310 871,891,590
% of GDP 0.0074 0.0498 < 0.0000 0.1421 0.0248 0.2241
Costs per capita (€) 0.75 5.02 0.00 14.35 2.50 22.63
2013 Total cost (€) 31,773,141 194,451,069 171,172 524,283,629 122,034,015 872,713,026
% of GDP 0.0080 0.0491 < 0.0000 0.1325 0.0308 0.2205
Costs per capita (€) 0.83 5.05 0.00 13.62 3.17 22.67
2014 Total cost (€) 34,752,086 195,710,394 182,379 517,424,137 123,864,968 871,933,964
% of GDP 0.0085 0.0477 < 0.0000 0.1260 0.0302 0.2123
Costs per capita (€) 0.90 5.09 0.00 13.45 3.22 22.66
2015 Total cost (€) 37,891,329 199,251,868 227,537 581,708,479 126,255,787 945,335,000
% of GDP 0.0088 0.0464 0.0001 0.1354 0.0294 0.2200
Costs per capita (€) 0.99 5.18 0.01 15.13 3.28 24.59
  1. Source: own estimates. Notes: Total cost values in Euro currency calculated using constant average 2012–2015 exchange rate: 4.19 zlotys per €