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Table 4 Fixed effect estimates of population density and school grade on step counts for all boys and girls

From: Lower youth steps/day values observed at both high and low population density areas: a cross-sectional study in metropolitan Tokyo

  Lowest Lower Middle Higher Highest School grade
Estimates (SE)a Estimates (SE) Estimates (SE) Estimates (SE) Estimates (SE) Estimates (SE)
Daily total step count
 Boys −1077 (458) 302 (701) ref. −371 (576) −987 (373) −617 (17)
p = 0.02 p = 0.67 p = 0.52 p = 0.01 p < 0.01
 Girls −1059 (414) 441 (636) ref. −409 (524) −868 (338) −457 (13)
p = 0.01 p = 0.49 p = 0.44 p = 0.01 p < 0.01
In-school step count
 Boys 119 (238) 385 (365) ref. −153 (300) −180 (194) −222 (9)
p = 0.62 p = 0.29 p = 0.61 p = 0.35 p < 0.01
 Girls 233 (231) 424 (358) ref. −110 (295) −207 (190) −200 (7)
p = 0.31 p = 0.24 p = 0.71 p = 0.28 p < 0.01
Out-of-school step count
 Boys −1192 (339) −83 (515) ref. −219 (422) −806 (274) −395 (14)
p < 0.01 p = 0.87 p = 0.60 p < 0.01 p < 0.01
 Girls −1259 (298) 18 (453) ref. −299 (373) −660 (241) −257 (11)
p < 0.01 p = 0.97 p = 0.42 p = 0.01 p < 0.01
  1. aEstimates of fixed effect were shown with standard errors