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Table 2 Effect of intervention on anthropometric and body measurements (ITT)

From: Effects of alternate day calorie restriction and exercise on cardio-metabolic risk factors in overweight and obese adults: an exploratory randomized controlled study

Variables Group Baseline Week 8 Change p-value
Body weight (kg) E-ADCR (n = 12) 74.0 ± 13.7 70.7 ± 14.2a − 3.3 ± 2.4 0.064
ADCR (n = 13) 74.1 ± 11.5 71.7 ± 11.0b − 2.4 ± 3.1
Exercise (n = 10) 83.2 ± 16.7 81.8 ± 16.3 − 1.4 ± 2.1
Control (n = 10) 70.8 ± 13.6 70.2 ± 13.8 − 0.6 ± 1.3
BMI (kg/m2) E-ADCR (n = 12) 27.5 ± 2.6 26.3 ± 3.1a − 1.3 ± 1.0c 0.036
ADCR (n = 13) 27.6 ± 2.8 26.7 ± 2.5b − 0.9 ± 1.3
Exercise (n = 10) 28.3 ± 4.1 27.9 ± 4.2b − 0.5 ± 0.6
Control (n = 10) 26.3 ± 3.1 26.2 ± 3.0 −0.1 ± 0.5
WC (cm) E-ADCR (n = 12) 90.5 ± 6.6 86.4 ± 8.5a −4.1 ± 3.9 0.267
ADCR (n = 13) 91.6 ± 7.9 89.4 ± 8.3b − 2.2 ± 3.6
Exercise (n = 10) 95.5 ± 11.9 92.6 ± 12.0b − 2.9 ± 3.8
Control (n = 10) 88.5 ± 7.6 87.0 ± 8.9 − 1.5 ± 1.9
Muscle mass (kg) E-ADCR (n = 12) 27.2 ± 7.4 26.8 ± 7.5b − 0.4 ± 0.5 0.696
ADCR (n = 13) 26.6 ± 4.8 26.1 ± 4.6 − 0.5 ± 0.9
Exercise (n = 10) 32.3 ± 7.2 32.1 ± 6.8 − 0.1 ± 0.9
Control (n = 10) 26.5 ± 5.8 26.3 ± 6.1 − 0.2 ± 0.7
Fat mass (kg) E-ADCR (n = 12) 25.0 ± 4.6 22.3 ± 5.4a − 2.7 ± 2.0c 0.036
ADCR (n = 13) 26.0 ± 5.5 24.3 ± 6.4 − 1.6 ± 2.3
Exercise (n = 10) 25.8 ± 7.2 24.5 ± 7.1 − 1.2 ± 1.9
Control (n = 10) 22.9 ± 5.5 22.6 ± 5.7 −0.3 ± 1.3
Percent body fat (%) E-ADCR (n = 12) 34.2 ± 6.1 31.8 ± 6.8a − 2.5 ± 2.2c 0.071
ADCR (n = 13) 34.9 ± 4.6 33.6 ± 6.6b −1.26 ± 2.4
Exercise (n = 10) 31.0 ± 5.0 29.9 ± 4.4 − 1.1 ± 1.8
Control (n = 10) 32.2 ± 4.4 32.2 ± 5.0 −0.1 ± 1.5
SBP (mmHg) E-ADCR (n = 12) 120.8 ± 11.9 117.5 ± 10.4 − 3.3 ± 8.3 0.389
ADCR (n = 13) 119.6 ± 16.7 117.9 ± 17.1 −1.8 ± 5.8
Exercise (n = 10) 125.3 ± 16.8 119.5 ± 10.3 −5.8 ± 8.8
Control (n = 10) 117.3 ± 14.4 117.3 ± 14.6 0.0 ± 8.1
DBP (mmHg) E-ADCR (n = 12) 80.3 ± 11.3 77.9 ± 7.9 −2.3 ± 4.6 0.337
ADCR (n = 13) 78.1 ± 14.0 77.0 ± 12.8 −1.4 ± 8.6
Exercise (n = 10) 83.5 ± 8.7 79.8 ± 10.5 −3.7 ± 8.3
Control (n = 10) 78.1 ± 10.2 79.9 ± 10.8 1.8 ± 5.0
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD
  2. E-ADCR Exercise plus alternate day calorie restriction, ADCR Alternate day calorie restriction, BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, HR Heart rate, HOMA-IR Homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance, TG Triglycerides, TC Total cholesterol, HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  3. aSignificantly different between baseline and week 8, p < 0.01
  4. bSignificantly different between baseline and week 8, p < 0.05
  5. cSignificantly different with the control group, p < 0.05; p values were obtained by One-way ANOVA with Tukey post-hoc analysis