Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants

From: Effects of alternate day calorie restriction and exercise on cardio-metabolic risk factors in overweight and obese adults: an exploratory randomized controlled study

Variables E-ADCR ADCR Exercise Control p-value
n 12 13 10 10  
Sex (F, M) 7, 5 10, 3 3, 7 6, 4 0.170
Age (years) 37.3 ± 7.3 32.9 ± 7.3 35.7 ± 7.9 40.6 ± 10.0 0.168
Height (cm) 163.2 ± 9.2 163.5 ± 7.1 170.8 ± 7.7 163.3 ± 6.9 0.086
Body weight (kg) 74.0 ± 13.7 74.1 ± 11.5 83.2 ± 16.7 70.8 ± 13.6 0.227
BMI (kg/m2) 27.5 ± 2.6 27.6 ± 2.8 28.3 ± 4.1 26.3 ± 3.0 0.548
Muscle mass (kg) 27.2 ± 7.4 26.6 ± 4.8 32.3 ± 7.2 26.5 ± 5.8 0.136
Fat mass (kg) 25.0 ± 4.6 25.9 ± 5.5 25.8 ± 7.2 22.9 ± 5.5 0.601
Percent body fat (%) 34.2 ± 6.1 34.9 ± 4.6 31.0 ± 5.0 32.2 ± 4.4 0.258
WC (cm) 90.5 ± 6.6 91.6 ± 7.9 95.5 ± 11.9 88.5 ± 7.5 0.328
SBP (mmHg) 120.8 ± 11.9 119.6 ± 16.7 125.3 ± 16.8 117.3 ± 14.4 0.683
DBP (mmHg) 80.3 ± 11.3 78.1 ± 14.0 83.5 ± 8.7 78.1 ± 10.2 0.668
HR (bpm) 78.4 ± 10.8 78.2 ± 9.4 74.2 ± 11.2 72.5 ± 12.6 0.511
Insulin (uIU/ml) 9.4 ± 3.5 9.3 ± 4.1 7.5 ± 3.6 8.5 ± 6.2 0.741
Glucose (mg/dl) 98.0 ± 17.0 90.0 ± 9.5 93.0 ± 8.0 87.0 ± 5.4 0.131
HOMA-IR 2.4 ± 1.4 2.1 ± 1.0 1.7 ± 0.9 1.8 ± 1.4 0.595
TG (mg/dl) 133.4 ± 47.1 108.8 ± 48.7 142.7 ± 78.3 109.5 ± 86.8 0.543
TC (mg/dl) 182.8 ± 26.0 189.8 ± 23.9 177.8 ± 33.4 178.5 ± 38.0 0.757
HDL-C (mg/dl) 48.0 ± 10.4 58.5 ± 15.0 44.8 ± 9.9 54.6 ± 11.8 0.041
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD
  2. E-ADCR Exercise plus alternate day calorie restriction, ADCR Alternate day calorie restriction, BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, HR Heart rate, HOMA-IR Homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance, TG Triglycerides, TC Total cholesterol, HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol