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Table 2 Trends in the proportion (%) of non-drinkers among social and demographic sub-groups, HSE2005–2015a

From: Investigating the growing trend of non-drinking among young people; analysis of repeated cross-sectional surveys in England 2005–2015

  Year N p-value trend % Change 2005–2015
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
All 18 23 18 23 24 26 23 27 28 31 29 9699 p < 0.001 61
Age group
 16–17 28 31 26 38 42 33 38 44 44 50 48 2294 p < 0.001 71
 18–24 15 21 16 17 18 24 20 23 23 25 24 7405 p < 0.001 60
Sex
 Males 16 24 14 21 20 25 20 26 27 29 25 4368 p < 0.001 56
 Females 20 23 23 24 28 27 27 28 29 32 33 5331 p < 0.001 65
Ethnicity
 White 14 13 11 15 15 18 17 19 17 23 20 8168 p < 0.001 43
 Non-white 54 72 49 59 69 61 57 63 67 66 68 1531 0.421 26
Region
 North 17 21 19 18 28 23 23 21 29 31 30 3258 p < 0.001 76
 South 19 24 18 25 22 27 24 29 28 31 28 6441 p < 0.001 47
Urban/Rural locality
 Urban 19 25 20 24 26 27 24 29 29 31 32 7871 p < 0.001 68
 Town/Village 16 14 9a 13 12 21 23 16 19 28 26 1828 p < 0.001 63
Area deprivation
 Least deprived 13 17 15 16 19 19 18 21 20 24 23 5205 p < 0.001 81
 Most deprived 25 31 22 30 30 34 32 35 37 38 36 4494 p < 0.001 42
Household social class
 Managerial and Professional 16 18 12b 16 18 20 20 20 23 25 25 3168 p < 0.001 54
 Intermediate 17 17 18 25 35 30 28 22 24 33 33 1805 p < 0.001 94
 Routine manual 19 27 21 25 23 28 24 32 33 34 25 3938 0.001 28
Educational status
 Full-time education 23 29 25 28 26 30 27 33 33 38 36 4360 p < 0.001 57
 Not in FTE 14 18 12 17 22 21 20 22 23 23 23 5326 p < 0.001 64
Employment status
 Employed 9 13 9 14 17 17 13 15 19 19 18 4103 p < 0.001 100
 Unemployed 26 32 26 29 28 31 30 34 34 39 38 5552 p < 0.001 46
  1. aFigures in bold indicate statistical significantly different to 2005, for 95% confidence intervals see Additional file 1: Table S2
  2. bAlternative Baseline year, where no difference found with 2005