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Table 3 Ranges and Means of Compliance for Key Outcomes of Interest

From: A systematic review of compliance with indoor tanning legislation

Outcome Range (%) Mean (%) Standard Deviation Number of Studies Studies (First Author, Date) Locations
Age
 Under 13 23–89 62 35 1 Hester, 2005 IL, TX, WI
 Under 14 10–70 44 28 1 Williams, 2018 GA, ID, ME, ND, WV
 Under 16 70–80 74 5 3 Hester, 2005; Pichon, 2006; Williams, 2018 PA, WI
 Under 17 or 18 20–100 72 22 6 Choy, 2017; Forster, 2006; Grewal, 2013; Makin, 2011; Tripp, 2017; Williams, 2018 CA, CT, DC, DE, HI, IL, LA, MA, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NV, NY, OR, TX, VT, WA, Australia
 Overall 0–100 65 25 9 Choy, 2017; Forster, 2006; Grewal, 2013; Hester, 2005; Makin, 2011; Pichon, 2006; Salomone, 2009; Tripp, 2017; Williams, 2018 AL, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, HI, ID, IL, LA, MA, ME, MN, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NV, NY, OR, PA, TX, VT, WA, WI, WV, Australia, Chile
 Telephone 0–100 65 25 8 Choy, 2017; Forster, 2006; Grewal, 2013; Hester, 2005; Makin, 2011; Pichon, 2006; Tripp, 2017; Williams, 2018 AL, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, HI, ID, IL, LA, MA, ME, MN, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NV, NY, OR, PA, TX, VT, WA, WI, WV, Australia
 In Person 20–62 34 24 3 Forster, 2006; Makin, 2011; Salomone, 2009 MA, MN, Australia, Chile
Parental Consent
 Overall 13–93 62 24 8 Culley, 2001; Fleischer, 1993; Forster, 2006; Hester, 2005; Hurd, 2006; Pichon, 2009; Salomone, 2009; Williams, 2018 AR, AZ, CA, CO, FL, GA, IL, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MS, NC, NH, OH, OR, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, Chile
 Telephone 30–93 71 21 5 Forster, 2006; Hester, 2005; Hurd, 2006; Pichon, 2009; Williams, 2018 AR, AZ, CA, CO, FL, GA, IL, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MS, NH, OH, OR, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI
 In Person 13–64 40 19 5 Culley, 2001; Fleischer, 1993; Forster, 2006; Hurd, 2006; Salomone, 2009 CA, NC, MA, MN, Chile
Parental Accompaniment
 Overall (Telephone) 6–90 47 24 3 Hester, 2005; Pichon, 2009; Williams, 2018 ID, IN, KY, MA, MS, NB, TN, TX, UT, WY
Eyeweard
 Availability and Provision 84–100 92 8 3 Culley, 2001; Fleischer, 1993; Makin, 2011 CA, NC, Australia
 Required Use 25–89 57 45 2 Culley, 2001; Salomone, 2009 CA, Chile
Warning Labels
 Location Compliance 8–97 60 29 5 Brouse, 2011; Culley, 2001; De Maleissye, 2011; Fleischer, 1993; Makin, 2011; Salomone, 2009 CA, NC, NY, Australia, Chile, France
 Content Compliance 15–90 63 33 2 Culley, 2001; Fleischer, 1993 CA, NC
Health Effects
 Overall 0–98 45 31 7 Choy, 2017; Culley, 2001; Fleischer, 1993; Grewal, 2013; Heilig, 2005; Salomone, 2009 CA,CO, CT, DC, DE, HI, IL, LA, MN, NC, NV, NY, OR, TX, VT, WA, WI, Chile
 General Question 2–52 18 18 2 Choy, 2017; Grewal, 2013 CA, CT, DC, DE, HI, IL, LA, MN, NV, NY, OR, TX, VT, WA
 Explicit Question 32–98 65 24 2 Culley, 2001; Heilig, 2005 CA, CO, IL, TX, WI
 Skin Cancer 10–97 43 29 5 Choy, 2017; Culley, 2001; Grewal, 2013; Heilig, 2005 CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, HI, IL, LA, MN, NV, NY, OR, TX, VT, WA, WI
 Sunburn 11–98 73 31 4 Choy, 2017; Culley, 2001; Grewal, 2013; Heilig, 2005 CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, HI, IL, LA, MN, NV, NY, OR, TX, VT, WA, WI
 Premature Ageing 2–79 37 29 3 Choy, 2017; Grewal, 2013; Heilig, 2005 CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, HI, IL, LA, MN, NV, NY, OR, TX, VT, WA, WI
Health Benefits
 Health Benefits Claimede 7 – 89e 49e 38 4 Choy, 2017; De Maleissye, 2011; Grewal, 2013; Salomone, 2009 CA, CT, DC, DE, HI, IL, LA, MN, NV, NY, OR, TX, VT, WA, France, Chile
  1. dGorig, 2018 was not included in the calculation of means, since individuals who use tanning facilities were surveyed, rather than the people running the facilities or the facilities themselves. Doing so allowed for the denominator (tanning facilities/operators) to be consistent
  2. eHealth benefits claimed are reported as non-compliance. Studies reported the number of facilities who claimed health benefits even though legislation does not allow health benefit claims. All other outcomes are reported as compliance