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Table 2 Prevalence (%) of physical inactivity in the European Union adults between men and women for 2002 and 2005 and differences in the prevalence for both genders between the same years

From: A retrospective analysis of policy development on compliance with World Health Organization’s physical activity recommendations between 2002 and 2005 in European Union adults: closing the gap between research and policy

  Gender (sample) 2002 2005 2002–2005
Mean 95% CI Z-score p-value Mean (%) 95% CI Z-score p-value Z-score p-value
European Union Men (n = 14,634) 32.9% 31.9–34.0% 6.35 <  0.001 26.8% 25.8–27.8% 7.45 < 0.001 8.06 <  0.001
Women (n = 17,312) 37.7% 36.7–38.7% 32.3% 31.3–33.3% 7.48 <  0.001
Country-by-country
 Austria Men (n = 859) 38.7% 33.9–43.6% 1.37 0.17 17.2% 13.8–20.6% 3.76 <  0.001 7.09 <  0.001
Women (n = 1085) 43.2% 39.2–47.2% 27.2% 23.3–31.1% 5.49 <  0.001
 Belgium Men (n = 978) 38.9% 34.7–43.1 3.87 <  0.001 30.3% 26.1–34.4% 1.70 0.09 2.83 0.005
Women (n = 1048) 50.7% 46.6–54.9% 35.4% 31.2–39.6% 4.99 <  0.001
 Denmark Men (n = 1012) 27.2% 23.3–31.1% 1.13 0.26 22.6% 19.0% - 26.1 0.28 0.78 1.71 0.09
Women (n = 984) 24.0% 20.3–27.8% 23.3% 19.5–27.1% 0.28 0.78
 Finland Men (n = 813) 26.1% 21.9–30.3% 1.19 0.23 29.8% 25.3–34.3% 1.02 0.31 1.19 0.24
Women (n = 1146) 27.0% 23.3–30.7% 24.4% 20.9–27.8% 1.02 0.31
 France Men (n = 922) 42.1% 37.6–46.5% 1.87 0.06 33.8% 29.4–38.2% 3.76 <  0.001 2.58 0.001
Women (n = 1072) 47.9% 43.7–52.2% 45.6% 41.4–49.8% 0.77 0.44
 Germany Men (n = 1612) 30.2% 27.2–33.1% 0.02 0.92 17.4% 14.6–20.3% 0.71 0.48 5.84 <  0.001
Women (n = 1868) 30.2% 27.4–33.0% 16.1% 13.5–18.6% 7.11 <  0.001
 Greece Men (n = 892) 30.6% 26.4–34.7% 2.02 0.04 16.5% 13.0–20.1% 2.28 0.02 4.9 <  0.001
Women (n = 1046) 36.7% 32.4–41.0% 22.4% 19.0–25.9% 5.08 <  0.001
 Ireland Men (n = 885) 32.0% 27.8–36.3% 2.61 0.009 35.4% 30.9–40.0% 2.63 0.008 1.08 0.28
Women (n = 1034) 40.2% 35.8–44.5% 43.8% 39.6–48.0% 1.19 0.24
 Italy Men (n = 851) 37.2% 32.9–41.5% 2.54 0.01 29.5% 24.8–34.1% 5.4 <  0.001 2.37 0.02
Women (n = 1112) 45.1% 40.8–49.4% 47.0% 43.0–51.0% 0.62 0.53
 Luxemburg Men (n = 461) 25.1% 19.9–30.3% 2.94 0.003 29.9% 23.5–36.3% 0.26 0.79 1.15 0.25
Women (n = 582) 36.5% 31.1–41.9% 28.8% 23.5–34.1% 1.99 0.05
 Netherlands Men (n = 978) 23.7% 19.9–27.4% 0.44 0.66 13.0% 10–16% 2.25 0.02 4.31 <  0.001
Women (n = 1008) 24.9% 21.1–28.6% 8.6% 6.1–11% 6.91 <  0.001
 Portugal Men (n = 819) 36.8% 32.3–41.4% 1.38 0.17 37.2% 32.3–41.4% 2.02 0.04 0.12 0.9
Women (n = 1098) 41.2% 37.0–45.4% 43.7% 37.0–45.4% 0.84 0.4
 Spain Men (n = 1712) 34.8% 30.4–39.2% 2.14 0.03 35.7% 31.1–40.3% 1.93 0.052 0.27 0.79
Women (n = 2084) 41.6% 37.3–46.0% 41.8% 37.7–45.9% 0.06 0.95
 Sweden Men (n = 1027) 33.0% 28.7–37.3% 1.4 0.16 27.2% 30.9–23.5% 1.12 0.26 2.02 0.04
Women (n = 979) 37.2% 33.1–41.4% 30.3% 26.1–34.6% 2.27 0.02
 United Kingdom Men (n = 799) 36.6% 31.5–41.8% 1.16 0.24 30.3% 26.1–34.4% 2.61 0.009 1.89 0.06
Women (n = 1166) 40.5% 36.7–44.2% 38.2% 34.0–42.4% 0.79 0.42
  1. CI Confidence intervals