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Table 1 Descriptive results, HBSC Germany 2013/2014 (n = 5226)

From: Is being a “small fish in a big pond” bad for students´ psychosomatic health? A multilevel study on the role of class-level school performance

  2+ psychosomatic health complaints <  1 psychosomatic health complaints Total
% (n) % (n) % (n)
Gender p < 0.001 (χ2 = 146.23, df = 1)  
 Boys 17.04 (452) 82.96 (2200) 50.75 (2652)
 Girls 31.35 (807) 68.65 (1767) 49.25 (2574)
Age (m = 13.56, SD = 1.64) p < 0.001 (χ2 = 62.60, df = 1)  
  < Mean age (10.50–13.56 years) 19.62 (536) 80.38 (2196) 52.28 (2732)
  > Mean age (13.57–16.33 years) 28.99 (723) 71.01 (1771) 47.72 (2494)
Migration background p < 0.001 (χ2 = 32.02, df = 2)  
 No migration background 22.05 (839) 77.95 (2966) 72.81 (3805)
 One-sided 30.09 (161) 69.91 (374) 10.24 (535)
 Two-sided 29.23 (259) 70.77 (627) 16.95 (886)
Family affluence p = 0.016 (χ2 = 8.26, df = 2)  
 High 22.87 (496) 77.13 (1673) 41.50 (2169)
 Medium 23.95 (551) 76.05 (1750) 44.03 (2301)
 Low 28.04 (212) 71.96 (544) 14.47 (756)
School type p = 0.001 (χ2 = 10.35, df = 1)  
 High track (“Gymnasium”) 21.56 (408) 78.44 (1484) 36.20 (1892)
 Other school types 25.52 (851) 74.48 (75.91) 63.80 (3.334)
Perceived school performance (PSP) p < 0.001 (χ2 = 75.91, df = 1)  
 Very good/good 18.95 (497) 81.05 (2125) 50.17 (2622)
 Average/below average 29.26 (762) 70.74 (1842) 49.83 (2604)
Proportion of students reporting very good/good PSP in class p < 0.001 (χ2 = 22.60, df = 1)  
  > 50% of students with very good/good PSP 21.04 (504) 78.96 (1892) 45.85 (2396)
  < 51% of students with very good/good PSP 26.68 (755) 73.32 (2075) 54.15 (2830)
Total 24.09 (1259) 75.91 (3967) 100 (5226)
  1. PSP Perceived School Performance