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Table 5 Estimated associations of smoking cessation with changes in marital and job status and health behavioursa

From: Association between successful smoking cessation and changes in marital and job status and health behaviours: evidence from a 10-wave nationwide survey in Japan

Changes from wave 1 (baseline) to waves 8–10 (7 to 9-year follow-up) Men (N = 4452) Women (N = 1194)
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Marital status
 Stayed married 1   1  
 Got divorced/widowed 0.52* 0.29–0.92 0.72 0.40–1.31
 Stayed unmarried 0.63*** 0.49–0.81 0.84 0.60–1.19
 Got married/remarried 0.67 0.27–1.66 1.27 0.50–3.22
 Other 0.62*** 0.46–0.83 0.83 0.52–1.33
Job status
 Continued working 1   1  
 Retired 1.67*** 1.23–2.26 1.62 0.92–2.87
 Stopped working (not retired) 1.08 0.65–1.79 0.88 0.43–1.81
 Stayed not working 0.98 0.66–1.46 1.25 0.87–1.81
 Started working 0.98 0.53–1.84 0.85 0.38–1.93
 Other 1.12 0.95–1.32 0.96 0.68–1.35
Leisure-time physical activity
 Continued not engaging 1   1  
 Started engaging 2.37*** 1.83–3.08 1.51 0.87–2.61
 Continued engaging 2.21*** 1.48–3.30 1.54 0.75–3.16
 Stopped engaging 0.95 0.71–1.27 0.93 0.55–1.55
 Other 1.50*** 1.29–1.74 1.05 0.78–1.42
Alcohol intake
 Continued drinking 1   1  
 Quit drinking 1.80*** 1.36–2.39 1.86* 1.08–3.20
 Continued not drinking 1.16 0.96–1.39 1.39* 1.01–1.93
 Started drinking 1.22 0.68–2.21 0.53 0.18–1.52
 Other 1.43*** 1.19–1.72 1.19 0.81–1.73
Heath check-ups
 Continued undergoing 1   1  
 Stopped undergoing 0.63*** 0.49–0.81 0.31*** 0.18–0.53
 Continued not undergoing 0.71* 0.51–0.99 0.25*** 0.13–0.47
 Started undergoing 1.23 0.90–1.68 0.76 0.44–1.31
 Other 0.88 0.75–1.03 0.56*** 0.39–0.78
  1. aAdjusted for ages and self-rated health at baseline, educational attainment, and attrition biases
  2. ***p < 0.001, *p < 0.05