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Table 2 Vaginal washing practices among HIV-negative female sex workers in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico (N = 295)

From: Vaginal washing and lubrication among female sex workers in the Mexico-US border region: implications for the development of vaginal PrEP for HIV prevention

  Tijuana Ciudad Juarez Total p-value
n % n % n %
Vaginal washing
 Lifetime 123 84.8 94 62.7 217 73.6 <  0.0001
 Past month 81 55.9 33 22.0 114 38.6 <  0.0001
Frequency of vaginal washing in the past montha        0.36
 Less than weekly 24 29.6 7 21.2 31 27.2  
 Once a week 15 18.5 10 30.3 25 21.9  
 Several times a week 14 17.3 8 24.2 22 19.3  
 Once a day 13 16.1 2 6.1 15 13.2  
 Several times a day 15 18.5 6 18.2 21 18.4  
Timing of vaginal washing in the past montha
 Before vaginal sex 42 51.9 2 6.1 44 38.6 <  0.0001
  Washed before most or all (≥75%) of VS acts with regular clients 33 78.6 2 100.0 35 79.6  
  Washed before most or all (≥75%) of VS acts with non-regular clients 27 75.0 2 100.0 29 76.3  
 After vaginal sex 51 63.0 7 21.2 58 50.9 <  0.0001
  Washed after most or all (≥75%) of VS acts with regular clients 39 79.6 3 42.9 42 75.0  
  Washed after most or all (≥75%) of VS acts with non-regular clients 33 78.6 3 42.9 36 73.5  
 Around menstruation 21 25.9 7 21.2 28 24.6 0.64
 While bathing for personal hygiene 58 71.6 27 81.8 85 74.6 0.34
Solutions used for vaginal washing in the past montha        <  0.0001
 Commercial solutions only 15 20.3 25 78.1 40 37.7  
 Non-commercial solutions only 14 18.9 1 3.1 15 14.2  
 Both commercial and non-commercial solutions 45 60.8 6 18.8 51 48.1  
  1. Abbreviations: VS vaginal sex
  2. a Among participants who reported vaginal washing in the past month