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Table 3 Log-binomial regression modeling of association between perceived community safety stressors and self-reported doctor-diagnosed respiratory illness

From: Are perceptions of community safety associated with respiratory illness among a low-income, minority adult population?

Independent variable Crude model Minimally-adjusted model Fully-adjusted model
PR (95% CI) p-value PR (95% CI) p-value PR (95% CI) p-value
Total Population
 “I do not feel safe walking in my community, day or night.” 1.31 (1.02, 1.67) 0.03* 1.34 (1.05, 1.71) 0.02* 1.37 (1.07, 1.74) 0.01*
 “Violence or crime is a problem in my community.” 1.38 (1.09, 1.74) < 0.01* 1.34 (1.06, 1.70) 0.02* 1.36 (1.07, 1.72) 0.01*
 Lack of perceived community safety construct 1.41 (1.11, 1.79) < 0.01* 1.39 (1.10, 1.77) < 0.01* 1.39 (1.09, 1.76) < 0.01*
Region A Only
 Lack of perceived community safety construct 1.83 (1.03, 3.23) 0.04* 1.98 (1.09, 3.58) 0.02* 1.79 (0.97, 3.28) 0.06
Region B Only
 Lack of perceived community safety construct 1.47 (1.02, 2.12) 0.04* 1.44 (1.00, 2.07) 0.05 1.41 (0.98, 2.04) 0.06
Region C Only
 Lack of perceived community safety construct 1.24 (0.83, 1.85) 0.29 1.12 (0.75, 1.69) 0.58 1.14 (0.75, 1.72) 0.55
Regions A & B
 “I do not feel safe walking in my community, day or night.” 1.48 (1.10, 1.98) < 0.01* 1.54 (1.15, 2.06) < 0.01* 1.59 (1.18, 2.14) < 0.01*
 “Violence or crime is a problem in my community.” 1.43 (1.07, 1.91) 0.02* 1.44 (1.07, 1.93) 0.02* 1.43 (1.07, 1.93) 0.02*
 Lack of perceived community safety construct 1.52 (1.12, 2.07) < 0.01* 1.56 (1.15, 2.11) < 0.01* 1.52 (1.12, 2.07) < 0.01*
  1. *Denotes a statistically significant p-value at alpha-level ≤ 0.05 from chi-square statistic
  2. Referent category for each independent variable is not shown in the Table (PR = 1.00)
  3. Minimally-adjusted model covariables: age, gender, race/ethnicity, smoking status, smoke exposure, residential duration, environmental hazard region
  4. Fully-adjusted model covariables: minimally-adjusted model + insurance status, unemployment, number of household members
  5. PR = prevalence ratio, 95% CI = 95% confidence interval