Skip to main content

Table 2 ENRRICH Study population respiratory illness prevalence by perceived lack of community safety construct

From: Are perceptions of community safety associated with respiratory illness among a low-income, minority adult population?

  Total Lack of perceived community safety construct
  Yes No p-value
Respiratory illness variables
Among total study population
  n = 792
n (%)
n = 376
n (%)
n = 416
n (%)
 
Respiratory Illness Constructa
 Yes 205 (25.9) 115 (30.6) 90 (21.6) <  0.01*
 No 587 (74.1) 261 (69.4) 326 (78.4)  
Doctor-diagnosed asthma, bronchial condition, emphysema, or COPD
 Yes 190 (24.0) 108 (28.7) 82 (19.7) <  0.01*
 No 602 (76.0) 268 (71.3) 334 (80.3)  
Ever doctor-diagnosed respiratory illnesses (not mutually exclusive):
 Asthma 98 (12.4) 52 (13.8) 46 (11.1) 0.24
 Bronchial condition 93 (11.7) 56 (14.9) 37 (8.9) <  0.01*
 Emphysema 8 (1.0) 6 (1.6) 2 (0.5) 0.12
 COPD 34 (4.3) 21 (5.6) 13 (3.1) 0.09
 Two or more of the above 27 (3.4) 17 (4.5) 10 (2.4) 0.10
Medication Use
 Prescribed-inhaler use 90 (11.3) 55 (14.7) 35 (8.4) <  0.01*
Respiratory Symptoms Variables
Among Respiratory Illness Free Sub-Population
  n = 587
n (%)
n = 261
n (%)
n = 326
n (%)
 
Respiratory Symptoms Constructb
 Yes 166 (29.0) 79 (31.1) 87 (27.3) 0.32
 No 407 (71.0) 175 (68.9) 232 (72.7)  
Chronic Cough
 Yes 91 (15.6) 47 (18.1) 44 (13.5) 0.13
 No 494 (84.4) 213 (81.9) 281 (86.5)  
Chronic Mucus
 Yes 85 (14.6) 43 (16.5) 42 (13.1) 0.24
 No 496 (85.4) 217 (83.5) 279 (86.9)  
Ever had wheezing
 Yes 77 (13.4) 40 (15.8) 37 (11.6) 0.15
 No 496 (86.6) 214 (84.2) 282 (88.4)  
Two or more of the above
 Yes 65 (11.1) 37 (14.2) 28 (8.6) 0.03*
 No 522 (88.9) 224 (85.8) 298 (91.4)  
  1. *Denotes a statistically significant p-value at alpha-level ≤ 0.05 from chi-square statistic
  2. aConstruct created from survey questions asking if participant had doctor-diagnosed respiratory illness (asthma, bronchial condition, emphysema, or COPD) or used a prescribed-inhaler
  3. bConstruct created from survey questions asking if participant had chronic respiratory symptoms (chronic cough, chronic mucus, or ever had wheezing not due to a common cold)